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child development - Broad area of Reaserch

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Why do children play? For most of a child's time, they tend to play in their own way and at their own pace - they use the toys and varied materials around them in lots of different and imaginative ways. I.e. a large cardboard box could become a car, a spaceship or a cooker - depending on the game. This is often called spontaneous play. In nurseries and play groups, play maybe more structured. Here it is planned by adults to help children develop certain skills or knowledge. Types of play - Pretend - Parallel - Imaginative - Solitary - Discovery - Creative - Small world - Structured - Outdoor - Looking on - Physical - Spontaneous - Manipulative - Cooperative How play can help children's development - Develops fine motor skills - Exercises body and limbs - Develops balance and coordination - Develops senses- sight, hearing, sound, touch, taste. Social development: - Learns to share - Learns to cooperate and take turns - Learns rules - Develops social skills Intellectual development: - Develops language skills - Learns about the world ...read more.


Creative play very often helps physical development of fine motor and sensory skills and hand-eye co-ordination. It can also help language skills and it allows children the chance to express their ideas and feelings without the use of words- therefore it is important for emotional development. It develops the imagination, helps children learn about different materials and properties and helps them to understand different concepts. If done with other children it can develop social skills. Imaginative play. Imaginative play takes place when children act out being somebody or something else. They will often use toys and objects as 'props' and will enjoy dressing up for their part. This sort of play can also be called role play. Types of activities that represents imaginative play: - Dressing up to be a nurse, pop star, footballer. - Playing 'mums and dads' or 'shops' - Making dens - Making cars, trains, rockets out of cardboard boxes and going on exciting adventures - Puppet shows. How this helps the child to develop. ...read more.


Manipulative play Manipulative play involves children in developing their fine motor skills and hand-eye co-ordination. It is important because it helps them to begin to be more confident and competent in using all the different tools and equipment needed in life. Manipulative play usually involves children in building or fitting things together. Types of activities that represents manipulative play: - Jigsaw - Using Duplo, Lego or stickle bricks - Playing with shape sorters - play dough How this helps the child to develop. Almost any activity which involves handling small toys or games will help manipulation skills. Although this type of play mainly helps to develop fine motor skills and hand-eye co-ordination it will also help with other areas of development. Intellectually, it encourages language development and helps children with problem solving because it encourages them to think logically. It will also develop their understanding of concepts (such as shape, size and volume) and spatial awareness. Emotionally it can build up confidence and give children a feeling of pleasure and a chance to succeed and cope with failure in a fun way. It can also help social skills if children are playing together. ...read more.

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