• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Child Psychology Questions

Extracts from this document...


Child Psychology A1. a) Outline the behaviour of a securely attached child during the Strange Situation procedure (3) During the strange situation procedure, the child is left in the observation room with either the primary care giver or a stranger, with the observer looking on. A securely attached child will use the care giver as a secure base for exploring the room and playing with toys. However, when the care giver leaves the room, the child will most likely protest and cry, but can be easily comforted. The child will generally prefer the care giver to the stranger, and may be slightly less keen to explore their surroundings with the stranger present. b) Evaluate the Strange Situation as a procedure to measure attachment type (4) The strange situation, as an observation, may be subject to observer bias; since the observer knows the type of behaviour they are looking for and may be influenced by this when taking notes. ...read more.


A2. a) Describe one study that examines the effects of family reordering (5) One study that examines the effects of family reordering is Cockett and Tripp's study. In the study they interviewed three groups of children, one group was children from re-ordered families, in which the child no longer lived with one (or both) biological parents; the second group consisted of children from families suffering serious discord, but which were still intact, and the third group was a control group of children from intact families suffering no discord. The children were interviewed and assessed on their academic success, emotional well-being, cognitive development and behaviour. The researchers found that the children from families suffering discord were the worst performers academically and their overall social and cognitive development was the worst, whereas children from re-ordered families seemed to have adjusted quite well to the change, although very few admitted that they were expecting the split. ...read more.


A3. Describe and evaluate research into popularity of individual children (12) - Dodge et al - observed 5 year olds in a school playground to see whether there are behavioural differences in children. Observed in pairs, and then third child would be observed as they tried to join in the games. Popular children = watched, then made comments and were gradually accepted. Rejected = generally too shy to comment and join in, stood and watched. Neglected = disruptive, naughty and shunned by other children. Conclusion = behavioural differences are present in children. - Evaluation = Issue of self-fulfilling prophecy - children may be unpopular because they are assumed to be, because they're shy etc. Can't generalise, only one playground of 5 years olds. Also ethnocentric, popularity and behaviour may be different in other cultures. High ecological validity - naturalistic experiment. Few demand characteristics as children very young. Because of SFP could be an issue with ethics? Could cause upset in children because they are shunned by others. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level The Psychology of Individual Differences section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level The Psychology of Individual Differences essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Behavioural Study of Obedience - Stanley Milgram

    5 star(s)

    but this does not explain why all forty subjects were allowed to suffer, or why Milgram repeated his experiment many times. In one of Milgram's subsequent experiments the subject was asked to force an arm of the struggling victim onto the electrodes!

  2. Outline and Evaluate the Biological, Psychodynamic and Cognitive Explanations of Abnormality

    As a result this therapy will be both time consuming and expensive. That is why many clients would prefer to use treatment from another model, such as the biological, where taking prescribed drugs will be much quicker and possibly equally as effective.

  1. Free essay

    Discuss the range of methods available to the psychologist.

    Psychologists have the obligation to offer advice if they identify and physical or psychological problems they have to provide information on how the participants can get further support, they also share the responsibility to maintain a high level of ethical defensibility in their own research and the research of their colleagues.

  2. Cross-Cultural Variations

    media which spread ideas about parenting encouraging parents across the world to nurture their children in the same way. In reference to variation within cultures, they found that that this was 1.5 times greater than variation between cultures. The strange situation was used in a study in Africa, where it

  1. Investigation to find out which gender is better at recognising faces

    All the materials will be shown in the appendix Procedure Participants were approached in the college canteen and asked "would like to take part in an experiment carried out on table 13?" If the answer was yes, they will be shown table 13 and given the form of consent to read alongside with the instructions.

  2. Psychopathology, Theories and Treatment Revision notes (Psychology AS)

    suited for CBT * Cognitive approach ignores genetics and biological factors in abnormality * CBT avoids in depth probing associated with psychoanalysis ? some may find the diary keeping and self-monitoring associated with CBT stressful * Emphasis on CBT is on cognitive change or restructuring and behavioural change, without cognitive

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work