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Children's Behaviour Lucy Mcmullan

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Introduction

Children's Behaviour Lucy Mcmullan The exercise of observing and assessing children formalises the link between theory and practice. A great deal of observing a child today is focussed on what's wrong with the child, and how we can intervene to help that particular child. Early childhood specialist Carolyn Seefeldt agrees, ' observing is probably the oldest, most frequently used and most rewarding method of assessing children, their growth, development and learning.' (A practical guide to child observation, Christine Hobart) It is important to know how to observe in order to collect the necessary data in the most useful, accurate and efficient way. The value of carefully planned observation and assessment cannot be over emphasised. Observing children helps the observer to get a true picture of the particular child's development, any potential triggers and any incidents that may occur. Observation also reduces the possibility of children being unfairly labelled, which can create its own set of problems. In order for any observation to have any value, it is important that the observer is as objective as possible and that several observations take place. This is to ensure that the observation is fair and accurate. (B Tec Early Years Yvonne Nolan) One particular observation technique commonly used to observe children is sociograms. These are used either to indicate one particular child's social relationships within a group, or to look at friendship patterns of all the children within a group. ...read more.

Middle

Research shows that children from a poor environment are more likely to follow their parents into a trade rather than taking up further education, regardless of their mental ability. The government argue that social background shouldn't be an excuse for poor educational achievement. There is a huge divide between children's ability levels. Curriculum now starts at the age of three at nursery to try to help children develop more equally. All of this pressure may be putting strain on the parent's, and so deeper problems may arise such as stress, violence and depression. This can cause a great impact on a child's life physically, emotionally and socially. Also if the parents of a child are unstable, the child may feel or even become neglected. The parents of a child are the biggest influence of their life, and also have an important impact on their future health, well being and overall life. There are various strategies for managing unwanted behaviour. There are times when children will show unwanted behaviour, although if practitioners are working to promote positive behaviour, unwanted behaviour should be relatively rare. In any placement setting the career should always remain calm, and consider the approach before hand. Some of the best strategies are non-confrontational because negatively dealing with children's behaviour by, for example, 'telling them off' can damage their self-esteem and create further problems. Within any early years placement there are various ideal ways of managing unwanted behaviour such as, . ...read more.

Conclusion

He believed that interacting with the world, and learning through discovery construct a child's understanding of reality. Piaget believed that there were four distinct stages of cognitive development, . Sensory-motor (0-2 yrs) - a practical period of learning, here children are egocentric. . Pre-operational (2-6yrs) - here thinking is pre-logical, for example, judging an action by its outcome. Concrete-operational (6-11yrs) - thinking becomes more rationale. Formal-operational (11 yrs+) - thinking becomes more abstract. Piaget used his own children to make detailed observations, which gradually developed a theory of learning. His theory is sometimes referred to as a constructivist approach, as he believed that children built their thoughts according to their experiences of the world. Piaget used the term 'schema' to describe a child's thoughts. He felt that this was an ongoing process, which helped children to adapt and grow. Although Piaget is one of the most well known theorists, his research methods have been criticised. Piaget used clinical interviews as his research method; this method was open to bias, as the type of data Piaget collected is qualitative, but very informative. It was said that Piaget under estimated children's level of thinking. He suggested that the cognitive development of children was linked to maturation, and that children could not be 'fast tracked' through theses stages. However some research suggests that children can learn different tasks by giving them the experiences and opportunities, e.g. Bruner felt that 5 and 6 year olds could be taught to conserve, although training isn't fully effective. (B Tec early Years Yvonne Nolan) - ...read more.

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