• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Children's Behaviour Lucy Mcmullan

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Children's Behaviour Lucy Mcmullan The exercise of observing and assessing children formalises the link between theory and practice. A great deal of observing a child today is focussed on what's wrong with the child, and how we can intervene to help that particular child. Early childhood specialist Carolyn Seefeldt agrees, ' observing is probably the oldest, most frequently used and most rewarding method of assessing children, their growth, development and learning.' (A practical guide to child observation, Christine Hobart) It is important to know how to observe in order to collect the necessary data in the most useful, accurate and efficient way. The value of carefully planned observation and assessment cannot be over emphasised. Observing children helps the observer to get a true picture of the particular child's development, any potential triggers and any incidents that may occur. Observation also reduces the possibility of children being unfairly labelled, which can create its own set of problems. In order for any observation to have any value, it is important that the observer is as objective as possible and that several observations take place. This is to ensure that the observation is fair and accurate. (B Tec Early Years Yvonne Nolan) One particular observation technique commonly used to observe children is sociograms. These are used either to indicate one particular child's social relationships within a group, or to look at friendship patterns of all the children within a group. ...read more.

Middle

Research shows that children from a poor environment are more likely to follow their parents into a trade rather than taking up further education, regardless of their mental ability. The government argue that social background shouldn't be an excuse for poor educational achievement. There is a huge divide between children's ability levels. Curriculum now starts at the age of three at nursery to try to help children develop more equally. All of this pressure may be putting strain on the parent's, and so deeper problems may arise such as stress, violence and depression. This can cause a great impact on a child's life physically, emotionally and socially. Also if the parents of a child are unstable, the child may feel or even become neglected. The parents of a child are the biggest influence of their life, and also have an important impact on their future health, well being and overall life. There are various strategies for managing unwanted behaviour. There are times when children will show unwanted behaviour, although if practitioners are working to promote positive behaviour, unwanted behaviour should be relatively rare. In any placement setting the career should always remain calm, and consider the approach before hand. Some of the best strategies are non-confrontational because negatively dealing with children's behaviour by, for example, 'telling them off' can damage their self-esteem and create further problems. Within any early years placement there are various ideal ways of managing unwanted behaviour such as, . ...read more.

Conclusion

He believed that interacting with the world, and learning through discovery construct a child's understanding of reality. Piaget believed that there were four distinct stages of cognitive development, . Sensory-motor (0-2 yrs) - a practical period of learning, here children are egocentric. . Pre-operational (2-6yrs) - here thinking is pre-logical, for example, judging an action by its outcome. Concrete-operational (6-11yrs) - thinking becomes more rationale. Formal-operational (11 yrs+) - thinking becomes more abstract. Piaget used his own children to make detailed observations, which gradually developed a theory of learning. His theory is sometimes referred to as a constructivist approach, as he believed that children built their thoughts according to their experiences of the world. Piaget used the term 'schema' to describe a child's thoughts. He felt that this was an ongoing process, which helped children to adapt and grow. Although Piaget is one of the most well known theorists, his research methods have been criticised. Piaget used clinical interviews as his research method; this method was open to bias, as the type of data Piaget collected is qualitative, but very informative. It was said that Piaget under estimated children's level of thinking. He suggested that the cognitive development of children was linked to maturation, and that children could not be 'fast tracked' through theses stages. However some research suggests that children can learn different tasks by giving them the experiences and opportunities, e.g. Bruner felt that 5 and 6 year olds could be taught to conserve, although training isn't fully effective. (B Tec early Years Yvonne Nolan) - ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Developmental Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Developmental Psychology essays

  1. counselling stages of attachement

    Security of attachment and extent of non-maternal care (Belsky 1988) Extent of Maternal Care 20 hours + a week 20 hours - a week Secure Attachment 59% 74% Insecure Attachment 41% 26% Conclusion - * They concluded that day care can have negative effects on children's relationships and social development if they start before the age of a year.

  2. What do we mean by resilience? How

    Any overview of traditional public sector mental health services makes it immediately clear that many interventions fall short of meeting the needs of high risk children. For example, weekly clinic-based individual or family therapy, group therapies, and structured treatment programs are often under utilised in the absence of providing in-home

  1. Is Homework Beneficial to Children in Any way?

    (Guardian, 6th December, 1999.) Some parents and schools are worried about the vast economic disparity in society between the richest and the poorest in the community and that it might have a significant impact on the poorer students ability to do and succeed at homework.

  2. John Wayne Gacy"The Clown Killer"

    He felt it for years, but he didn't recognize it for what it was until much later. By then, the rip in his psyche had become the locus of a cold homicidal rage." When Bundy was in high school he was remembered as being good looking and friendly but had very few dates.

  1. What causes crime?

    They caused severe distress to a child that was too young to give consent, and never reconditioned him afterwards, implying that the child in question will have suffered into adulthood and will continue to suffer a phobia for the rest of his life.

  2. MENTORSHIP ASSESSING

    In presenting my evidence, I will address the points made by McMullan et al (2003) who define a portfolio as 'a collection of evidence, usually in written form, of both the products and processes of learning. It attests to achievement and personal and professional development by providing critical analysis of

  1. Is Popular culture an Influence on Violent Behaviour?

    of the amount of violence we take in; however, throughout this dissertation I have come into contact with disturbing statistics like these which are both shocking and insightful. Further to this, while conducting my research, I was alarmed by the mass of information on the subjects of violence in television, violence in music and violence in film.

  2. Research Study About Accidents That Occur To Young Children.

    Do parents of young children have a stair gate and a fireguard? 6. Is drowning a worse accident amongst boys than amongst girls? 7. Can children's toys and baby equipment be potentially dangerous? 8. Do the majority of accidents which occur to 0-3 year olds happen in the home?

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work