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Children's personal hygiene

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Task 4. P2 Cleanliness Toys and equipment used by the children, must be regularly cleaned to prevent the spread of infection. Young babies/children put rattles e.t.c in their mouth, has they have not learnt the usual habits of hygiene. Toys used by babies, such as rattles should be sterilised everyday after the children have gone home. Soft toys and bedding should be washed or disinfected every week and the sandpit must be cleaned our regularly. Hygiene Children's personal hygiene Children need to be encouraged to be independent in their self care skills. This is done by promoting an understanding of hygiene issues, adapting a routine to the needs of the child, providing support appropriate to the age of the child and discussing routines with parents what they can do at home, I.e. washing their hands after going to the toilet. :) hand washing - it is essential that children are taught how to wash their hands and when to wash their hands. :) Care of the skin - children need to wash regularly to keep their skin clean, to reduce the smell and to stop sore areas of the body developing. Some children may have problems with their skin, so the early years worker needs to be aware of this. :) Children in nappies -nappies should be changed in a designated area, away from other children and the children's play area. ...read more.


There must be procedures in the setting, to ensure the safety of the children. This is very important, in where there can be situations where one parent may have restricted access to the child. The setting will also want to provide some control over the people who are able to enter the setting, a visitors book may be used. Here are the security measures taken to ensure that all children are safe. :) Locks on doors and gates will be in use, to alert adults of doors opening. :) Some settings may have video identification systems and staff may have to wear identification badges. :) All settings record the time children arrive and leave and the parents have to sign the children in and out of the setting. :) Settings will ask parents to identify any adults who may collect their child. The child is not allowed to leave the setting with any other adult. :) Settings will have a specific procedure to ensure that all children are cared for whilst other members of staff talk to the parents. :) Procedures must be in place if a parent forgets to pick up their child from the settings :) A policy will be in force, at which responsibility for the child transfers form the staff to the parent. ...read more.


:) Teaching the children that in some situations, children can help themselves by getting help, this can be done by being taught their own address and their phone number in case they get lost. Learning them which adult they should go to in case they need help. E.g. the shop assistant, a policeman, a school teacher. Arranging a police officer to come to school to discuss different strategies of getting help. Shouting ' no' and to run to a safe place. :) Teaching children that their body belongs to them. Letting them know that they have control over their own body. This can be done by learning children, (young children), the vocabulary of the body with songs, (head, shoulder, knees and toes), also by planning to develop body awareness, e.g. matching body parts, drawing their own body and labelling their own body parts. Giving children reading books on parts of the body, helping them to understand which parts of the body are the 'private parts'. :) Teaching children, that they have a right to their own privacy, this can be learnt by giving the children physical care routines. E.g. toileting, going to the toilet on their own, having respect for themselves and others when getting dressed/undressed. Promoting discrete behaviour, e.g. not pulling a skirt up or pulling their trousers down in public. Activities again, discussing, who has the right to touch your body, e.g. a doctor and which parts of the body should not be touched by others. ...read more.

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