• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Cognitive Development In Children.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Cognitive Development In Children. This investigation will examine children's cognitive development. Piaget's theory of cognitive development shows four stages. He described them as "Universal" - everyone goes through them, and "Invariant"- The order in which people go through them does not vary. Piaget's four stages include; The Sensori -motor stage, which Piaget said occurred between birth and two years. At this stage the child's understanding is based on sensory impressions and motor activities. ...read more.

Middle

During this stage children are able to solve "hands on" problems logically, but understanding of conservation is apparent. The Formal-operational stage occurs between 11 and 15 years. Children develop social issues and identity and thinking is more scientific. (Cardwell 1996) Piaget constructed ways of assessing children's thinking, which left a detailed and comprehensive account of cognitive development. One of his most famous ways was to present children with conservation tasks. ...read more.

Conclusion

Pre-operational children may fail on conservation tasks because they centre on the row of counters but do not allow for the increased space between the counters. However, some may fail to notice that the increased length can be reversed, by pushing the counters together. There have been criticisms of Piaget's studies. Critics state that his methods caused him to "seriously underestimate children's competence" and his theory is "oversimplistic" and "ignores social and simplistic influences" Influential studies by McGarrigle and Donaldson (1974) challenge Piaget's views about Pre-operational deficiencies. They tested pre-school children in number conservation tasks similar to Piaget's, except ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Developmental Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Developmental Psychology essays

  1. MENTORSHIP ASSESSING

    Rachel also acquired basic knowledge of wound care during college lectures and a previous practice placement on a surgical ward. The advance organizer mechanism elicited Rachel's prior knowledge of the subject, bridging this with new material during the teaching session.

  2. Physical, Social and Emotional Development of Children.

    Ainsowrth and her colleges in 1978 created a scenario by which babies' reactions to being left with a stranger and then reunited with their parents/carers was measured. This scenario is now widely used to study attachment behaviour. The scenario is know as the 'strange situation' and is divided into eight parts with each part lasting three minutes.

  1. c hallenging a client to change

    Counsellor: maybe because you are now looking at the tray in a different way. When you see something as a barrier maybe it might be helpful for you to imagine yourself as a pair of scales and then weigh the issues, do you think you could do this?

  2. INDIVIDUAL DEVELOPMENT AND CHANGE

    Bowlby described the mother as a 'secure base' on which the child can depend (Bowlby, 1951). Attachment behaviour is a way of restoring the security if there is a threat to it. 'Attachment behavioural system' was the term used to describe the different attachment behaviours that children would use in their individual situations.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work