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Combined holistic approach to children's care and educational needs.

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Introduction

Children in early years care have two main needs, care and education. This is called a combined holistic approach to children's care and educational needs. Many theorists have influenced the way young children are educated today. The three most influential being Froebel, Montessori and Steiner, their ideas are still used in the education of children today throughout schools, nursery's and cr�ches. Learning through play is one of the key points all of the above theorists shared. Froeble introduced the idea of Kindergarten meaning children's garden. He likened a developing child to a seed growing and unfolding into a flower, hence the name kindergarten. He believed in structured learning, providing children with gifts to play with such as balls, cubes cylinders of different shapes, colours and sizes. The trained practitioner would teach the child understanding of shape size and colour while the child handled the gifts. Froeble also believed in allowing children to use various materials to fold, cut and sew enhancing the child's developing motor skills. Through Freoble it is widely recognised Early Years staff need training, governments today are using his theory and funding training so all EY staff get trained to understand how a child learns. Maria Montessori originally from a medical background, recognised children needed guiding rather than over directing. Many children in the past were taught while rigidly sitting at table listening to the adult teach. ...read more.

Middle

We have hoops for all sorts of physical activities e.g. skipping with and using as a hula-hoop. The children also spend a lot of time outdoors during P.E. and play. Our playground is very well equipped with equipment for physical play. We have a tarmac football pitch. We have tall wooden posts shaped and painted as pencils set out so the children can weave in and out. They also use the posts to climb. We have a wooden ship and a wooden train these can be used to climb and sit on but more usually used in fantasy play. The dinosaur set within a barked area is a favourite. It consists of three half tyres upright from the ground, set about two feet apart. The children climb on them, crawl underneath and jump from tyre to tyre. A well-used piece of equipment to enhance balance are the balancing beams. They are set about one foot off the floor for safety. There are three in total with small wooden steps up to each beam. It is very easy to watch the children's physical development as they move through each of the three year groups. Foundation children arrive with little or no sense of balance. They find the beams very challenging but have the opportunity to use them daily. ...read more.

Conclusion

Teaching is now recognised as a highly skilled job. Our society today also realise how important education is and many believe children should be sent to early years settings to begin education. In my opinion in an ideal world children should be allowed to stay at home until the age of seven. Children do learn through play and would benefit from a secure home environment with a positive and caring carer offering opportunities to play. Children should be able to play outside, getting dirty and wet and being able to change into dry clothes when their outdoor play is finished. Schools are not able to offer this and on wet days, our school children will spend six hours without fresh air. Unfortunately today's society is unsafe for children to roam free, playing in fields and running through woods. Children are kept secure in homes and fenced in, in their gardens. This limits the amount of time they can spend with other children and limits the ability to make new friends. School does offer this opportunity but in a more structured way. Many foreign countries do not make school compulsory until the age of seven. Research suggests that these children are on a academic level by the time they are eleven, compared to the children who start school at four or five. I believe parents should be given the option of waiting until their child is seven until starting compulsory education,. Tracy Wimbles HNC in Childhood Studies 30/04/2007 Unit 1 1 ...read more.

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