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Compare 2 models of abnormal behaviour in terms of their views on the causes of abnormal behaviour. Evaluate whether any single model is adequate to explain and treat all instances of abnormality.

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Introduction

'Abnormal behaviour never has a single cause' Compare 2 models of abnormal behaviour in terms of their views on the causes of abnormal behaviour. Evaluate whether any single model is adequate to explain and treat all instances of abnormality. The "Biological" model represents the mainstream views of psychiatry. Its theory is that all mental disorders are genetic. The "Cognitive" model's theory is that mental disorders are a result of disordered thinking. Two different models with very different explanations for the same thing. The "Biological" theory says that mental disorders are like physical disorders. This model is call "Medical" because it suggests that mental illness should be diagnosed in the same way as physical disease is diagnosed. Mental disorders represented as mental illnesses. ...read more.

Middle

This is because individuals control their own thoughts and feelings. Until the 18th century mental illness was blamed on demons and evil within the individual. The "Biological" model offered another source of blame- the illness, which was potentially treatable. With the "Cognitive" model it is not clear which comes first. Do thoughts and beliefs really cause disturbance, or do mental disorders lead to faulty thinking? It is not clear whether abnormal biochemistry or abnormal neuroanatomy is a cause of abnormal behaviour or an effect. It may still be appropriate to treat the symptoms and alleviate some suffering. The "Cognitive" model suggests that it is the patient who is responsible. The disorder is simply in the patient's mind and recovery lies in changing that rather than the individual's environment. ...read more.

Conclusion

In 1972 Thomas Szasz wrote a book (The myth of mental illness) which criticised that mental illness did not have a physical basis. He suggested that the concept of mental illness was 'invented' as a form of social control. He said that irrational beliefs cannot be explained by means of physical diseases and therefore cannot be called an illness in the same way as we would call epilepsy a physical illness. The "Biological" model and the "Cognitive" model both have evidence to support their theories. However I do not believe that one single model is adequate enough to explain all instances of abnormality. Although two individuals have the same illness they may have different explanations for how they received it. Using only one model would also mean that you only have one persons opinion which would be bias. Kate North Psychology - 1 - ...read more.

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Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

3 star(s)

Overall, this is a reasonable essay with good selection of material and a broadly successful comparative structure, but it fails to develop the comparisons, evaluations, commentary and conclusion effectively. So 3 stars.

Marked by teacher Jo Wilcox 10/04/2012

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