• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

compare and contrast two theories of language development

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Compare and contrast two theories of language development "Language is the main way in which human beings communicate." (Beaver, M et Al. 2001. p.139). It is used in different ways to socialise and express a persons needs. There are four main theories of language development but I will explore those of Noam Chomsky and B F Skinner. In the 1960's Chomsky explored the idea that "language development is innate and genetically predetermined." (Bruce, T and Meggitt, C. 2005. p.113). He believed that children are born with the necessary physical and intellectual abilities to acquire language, and therefore are able to invent new words and sentences that they have not previously heard. He suggests children learn to talk through their Language Acquisition Device (LAD). He suggests this structure consists of speech-producing mechanisms, the ability to understand, and parts of the brain. ...read more.

Middle

(Tassoni, P. 2006. p.423). Skinner's approach is a behaviourist approach- believing that children learn from other children and adults' behaviour. These two theories are contrasting as one suggests that language development is through nature, and the other through nurture. In short it is either developed through what we get at birth, or how we are brought up. It is suggested that a child learns language through aspects, nature and nurture, as "there is some genetic sensitivity to language, but that children's experiences after birth are very important in their development of language." (Beaver, M et Al. 2001. p.149). Chomsky's theory is commonly acknowledged as it is comprehensive and explains why all babies' language development follows a pattern, unlike Skinner's theory. If Skinner's nurture approach is accurate then each child's language development should vary according to the amount of reinforcement and praise they are given. ...read more.

Conclusion

Also when a child is struggling to read a word, they are encouraged to sound the letters out to help them say the whole word. As this is something the children are familiar with and is reinforced often, most will sound the letters out themselves to try and work out what the word says. They have learnt to do this through reinforcement, and through praise from being told when they are doing well. Parents or carers can reinforce and encourage language through the acknowledgment of spoken praise and eye contact. This helps children gain confidence in what they are saying and children who are actively encouraged to speak will acquire more words and sounds naturally. When I did a speaking and listening activity with some reception children they showed that at the end of the activity they had recalled some of the basic information that they had told me and were able to repeat this to the class teacher. Through repetition and reinforcement they had been able to remember and recall information when asked. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Developmental Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

3 star(s)

This essay makes an attempt to answer the question and to some extent succeeds. It is somewhat brief in depth however so the opportunity to demonstrate a good academic understanding of the issues is reduced to little over one page. There is room for more AO2 especially developing the points made by the writer and comparing as well as contrasting the theories.

Marked by teacher Stephanie Porras 26/03/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Developmental Psychology essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    What have been the major challenges to Piaget's theory of cognitive development? What aspects ...

    4 star(s)

    Piaget's theory is immensely rich, deep and quite often very difficult; as such it resists encapsulation. However, it is possible to draw out certain themes. Piaget clearly distinguishes between development and learning, believing the former to be a spontaneous, structured whole, in contrast to the provoked, limited nature of the latter.

  2. Physical, Social and Emotional Development of Children.

    The information gained may indicate further specialist monitoring of the child is needed. Many serious problem are found in the following ways: * Neonatal and six to eight week examinations. * Follow-up of infants and children who have suffered various forms of trauma or illness affecting the nervous system.

  1. Factors that Affect Growth and Development.

    The transition to adulthood varies among cultures, but it is generally defined as the time when individuals begin to function independently of their parents. Physical Development The activity of the pituitary gland at this time results in the increased secretion of hormones, with widespread physiological effects.

  2. Compare and Contrast the Work and Ideas of Three Early Years Educators/ Curricular Approaches.

    Known around the world as the Froebel, "Gifts," these objects were an important part of his Kindergarten. A gift was an object for play, to help the child understand the concept of shape, size and dimension. Furthermore, he introduced activities which he called, "occupations."

  1. Learning in the Early Years

    Little parental evolvement is encouraged. Maria Montessori did not see the point in play; she did not encourage children to have their own ideas until they had worked through all her graded learning sequences: she did not believe that they were able to do free drawing or creative work of any kind until they had done this.

  2. In Britain today, most people live in nuclear families - The aim of this ...

    In 2002 the percentage of two children in couple families was 47%, which is almost half the number of children in couple families that is a considerable majority. As the statistics have been conducted by the British government through the 2001 census results I would say that the results are

  1. The Behaviourist Approach To the Understanding of Human Behaviour

    The original plan was to carry out the experiment on Albert and then remove the conditioned response before it became consistent, however this was never carried out. Using the results of this experiment Watson explained that an unreasonable fear of an object or situation (a phobia)

  2. Compare And Contrast Any Two Perspectives In Psychology

    In 1900, Sigmund Freud published his psychoanalytical theory. Interested in the role of the unconscious mental processes in influencing people's behaviour, Freud believed our personalities to be divided into three distinctive parts. The id, the ego and the super ego, which often conflict with each other.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work