• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Comparing Experiments into Obedience and Conformity

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Psychology Homework Rem Begum AO1: Obedience is the result of social influence, where somebody acts in response to a direct order from an authority figure. It is assumed that without an order a person would have not performed in this manner. An example of an activity of obedience could be if a woman was causing havoc in a restaurant for no reason and then the manager asks her to stop the inappropriate behaviour, therefore the woman agrees; this would be an act of obedience. On the other hand, disobedient behaviour would be the opposite of the previous example and, so in the example the woman might have rebelled or ignored the manager?s request. Stanley Milgram?s lab experiment was a lab experiment took place in 1963, where he carried out a series of studies to try and shed some light on this aspect of human behaviour. There were 40 male volunteer?s in Milgram?s study, who were all male, which tells one that it was Endocentric, the volunteers were also all American?s telling us that the experiment was Ethnocentric. ...read more.

Middle

Orne and Holland (1968) claimed that the study lacked experimental, internal validity and that the participants ?were only going along with the act?. Milgram?s lab experiment also lacked resemblance to real life situations, therefore is lacked ecological validity. AO2: Milgram?s study had many advantages; however it also gained many criticisms also. The advantages of Milgram?s lab experiment shows he found out that most people will obey orders that go against their conscience, this tells us that depending on the situation and the authority figure persuading or giving orders to an individual, it can change their action and make them perform acts that they may not have completed otherwise. Milgram also found out that, when people occupy a subordinate position in a dominance hierarchy they become liable to those feelings of empathy, compassion and mortality and are inclined towards blind obedience: this unravels that if a person is asked to do obey something by someone in a hierarchy role they are likely to do so even if it could affect their feelings is empathy, ...read more.

Conclusion

Hoffling?s study concluded with 21 out of 22 nurses obeying to give the drug. However Hoffling?s experiment was in a natural hospital environment and therefore supported ecological validity, whereas Milgram?s experiment was not set in a natural environment, therefore it could be argued that Hoffling may have achieved more accurate results on obedience. On the other hand Hoffling?s research had a few criticisms also, as the nurses were not allowed to naturally discuss with each other about giving the drug, also the Doctor in the experiment was unknown. Contrary to this Rank and jacobson?s Field experiment concluded that nurses are aware of the toxic effects of a drug and were allowed to interact naturally, therefore they will not give an overdose of the medication just because a doctor/physician orders it. 2 out of 18 nurses obeyed, which displays a large difference from Hoffling?s and Milgram?s obedience rates. The drug in Rank and Jacobson?s experiment was a known drug and the nurses could interact and discuss naturally. As a result I feel that rank and Jacobson?s experiment was the most ecologically valid, due to the conditions they were in. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Social Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Social Psychology essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    "Describe the main features of conformity and obedience analyse two conformity and obedience studies ...

    No subject stopped before reaching 300 volts. Here I have included an image of how the experiment was laid out: Milgram also conducted several follow-up experiments to determine what might change the likelihood of maximum shock delivery. In one condition, the touch-proximity condition, the teacher was required to hold the

  2. Conformity & Obedience to Authority.

    This can be seen in the second world wart where it was often that the nazi war criminals plead that they only did as they were told and that someone else higher up accepted responsibility for it. * Another factor was seen that if the participants were given an important

  1. Conformity and Obedience

    The experiment was originally planned to run for two weeks but had to be abandoned after a few days due to the increasingly aggressive behaviour of the guards and coupled with this the prisoners were becoming more and more depressed.

  2. The Concepts Of Conformity And Obedience

    Asch believed this would make it very difficult to draw any definite conclusions about conformity. Conformity should be measured in terms of an individual's tendency to agree with other group members who unanimously give the wrong answer to a task that's outcome is obvious or unambiguous.

  1. I have been asked to write a report on Conformity and Obedience and how ...

    A major study into conformity took place trying to see how far people would conform. Milgram set up an experiment which involved a volunteer, an actor and also an electric chair. The actor was strapped into the chair and was asked a variety of questions; if the actor got a

  2. Why do we obey authority?

    The study was held at prestigious Yale University under conditions where the experimenter wore a white lab coat. This, as well as the payment involved, could have been very intimidating towards the participant and led them to feel obliged to continue with the shocks.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work