• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Consider the differences between the way in which children and adults learn

Extracts from this document...


Consider the differences between the way in which children and adults learn Introduction In this assignment, I intend to consider the possible differences between the way in which children and adults learn. For instance, Piaget believed there to be schemes with four distinct stages of cognitive development. Between birth and the time a child is ready for school, he/she will pass through two of the four stages. These stages are the Sensorimotor Stage and the Preoperational Stage. Alternatively, it could be argued that our parents, teachers, and society as a whole condition us, to learn in a particular way, to take our place in society. This, then in the words of Freire is: "the banking concept of education, in which the scope of action allowed to the student extends only as far as receiving, filing and storing the deposits." (Freire, 1970) On the other hand, it is suggested, that adults learn from experience and reflection, therefore, it is the way in which people: "understand, or experience, or conceptualise the world around them." (Ramsden, 1992) The focus for them then, is gaining knowledge or ability through the use of experience. These are two extremes of the spectrum of learning and there are, according to theorists such as Piaget, several stages in-between, these are: sensory-motor, pre-operational, concrete-operational and formal-operational. ...read more.


Therefore, as I suggested in my introduction, the way in which children learn is possibly pre-conditioned by their teachers, to conform to society's norms and are therefore taught accordingly. Therefore: "The goal of the education of children is not only to teach them, more or less intellectual knowledge, nor only to teach them virtues in the sense of honesty, courage, etc. The functions of any individual, within society, go far beyond the above mentioned: they must learn to work and to consume within the norms demanded by the means of production and the consumption patterns of their group and the society in which they live." (Fromm, '58) Therefore, this would suggest that we are taught to know our place in society. Adult learning: Andragogy Andragogy was initially defined as the art and science of helping adults learn. This has taken on a broader meaning since Knowles (84) redefined the term. The term currently defines an alternative to pedagogy and refers to learner-focused education for people of all ages. The andragogic model states that five issues be considered and addressed in formal learning. They include (1) letting learners know why something is important to learn, (2) ...read more.


For instance, Piaget suggests that schemes are the basis for learning and as children develop they form cognitive structures or schemata and these schemes allow children to make sense of the world they live in and uncode how that world works. On the other hand, it was suggested that curriculum developers do not consider these stages when designing learning experiences for children. Therefore, it could be said that we are forced to learn in a way that prepares us to take our place in society. Adults, meanwhile appear to learn as a personal act to achieve their own potential. Therefore, it is a deliberate act to acquire knowledge and skills. As Brookfield suggests, adults choose to engage in this learning and it is self-motivated, voluntary and self generating. Beside this, Freire believes that adult learning must be a two-way dialogue between teacher/student, student/teacher to achieve liberation from the oppression of the state, thereby becoming subjects of the world as opposed to objects of that world. He also believes that didactic teaching (the banking method) is an act of aggression on the part of formal educators. From these arguments, I have come to the conclusion that the difference between child and adult learning is that children learn instinctively and out of necessity, whereas adults tend to learn out of choice and the desire to change themselves or the world about them. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Developmental Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Developmental Psychology essays

  1. counselling stages of attachement

    in which infants between 12 and 18 months were separated from their mothers and introduced to strangers in a lab setting. Findings - * Worldwide, approx 65% secure, 35% insecure attachments were found. * In Japan there was a high percent of ambivalent infants were found.

  2. This curriculum plan is to be based on children aged between nought to two ...

    the activity more interesting for the children, the children spoke out to answer my questions more when a visual aid was used, and seemed to all enjoy feeling and looking at the eggs in different states. The time that I had planned for the group activity was suitable although it

  1. I have decided to do my portfolio on Beaufort Park School, for several reasons. ...

    Therefore, children's ability can be improved. Government policies have had a large effect on the way the school runs. Many changes have occurred. For example the school now has more classroom assistants, whereas before there would just be one or two within the whole school. However, there is now at least one classroom assistant in each class, as well as the teacher.

  2. Psychology - The Self Concept

    It is these messages, when combined with being fat, that negatively impact on a child's evolving sense of self. When the fat child grows up, they then socialise the same negative attitudes into their own children. There are plenty other theories of self and how the self develops.

  1. This assignment describes and analyses my involvement with a 13-year-old client Joe Smith, who ...

    especially among boys. Smith however (1998, p193) suggests the majority of children grow out of this deviant behaviour, and can develop, with support through this difficult stage. Joe was referred to the Reporter of the Children's Panel and placed on a compulsory home supervision order under3, which deemed he was "beyond control of the relevant person:" 4(Green, 2000, p91)

  2. Is Homework Beneficial to Children in Any way?

    They believed that homework raised standards in pupil's progression in two main ways. Firstly that it raised academic achievement. The idea being that when pupils are taught a concept within a school day they are then sent home to complete work on that concept at home.

  1. c hallenging a client to change

    transformed into a feeling that can be experienced and can lead to appropriate action. Many people come for counselling because they feel stuck in situations from which they can see no way out. Counselling can help them develop a sense of direction, which often accompanies hope.

  2. Is the landowner the driving force in urban redevelopment?

    However the third question is less elegantly resolved and, in failing to formulate a powerful causal logic as to the actions of brownfield landowners, their argument is dogged by many of the same flaws that have hitherto impeded the effectiveness of other structure/agent models of the development process (see for example Hooper, 1992).

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work