• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Coursework: Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities in the early years of the Second World War?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

History Coursework-Evacuation Assignment B: Britain in the Second World War Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities in the early years of the Second World War? As soon as war was declared the British government expected the Nazis to launch massive air attacks against Britain with its major cities as the prime targets. Britain knew how disastrous such attacks would be, in both loss of morale and loss of life, after seeing how devastating the bombing raids had been in both Shanghai in 1931 and later in Guernica in 1937 where German planes had been used. To avoid enormous casualty numbers the government planned to evacuate large numbers of children from cities to the countryside for the duration of the war. The British government's greatest fear was that as soon as the air raids started children, as some of the most vulnerable people in the cities, would make up a large percentage of the death toll. To avoid the calamity of losing such a large proportion of the next generation the government decided to remove children and other vulnerable people, such as pregnant women and disabled people, from cities and relocate them to the countryside. ...read more.

Middle

showed the British government the disastrous consequences of leaving children in cities which were almost certainly going to be targets. As well as the fear of air raids the government also expected Germany to make full use of poisonous gas as a weapon. In preparation for these anticipated gas attacks all people living in Britain were issued with gas masks. Another good reason for sending the children away was that it freed up their parents for important war work in munitions factories and other war-related jobs. The government began planning the relocation of "school children, children below school age accompanied by their mothers...and expectant mothers" as early as 1934. As well as removing the most vulnerable people from harm this mass evacuation of children also enabled their mothers to work without having children to worry about thus providing the government with the workforce it needed to replace the male workers who had gone to fight. It also helped the parents to work without distraction knowing that their children were safe in the country. Small-scale evacuations were carried out at the height of the Munich Crisis in September 1938 but the real evacuation began in September 1939. ...read more.

Conclusion

Throughout these various evacuations the government churned out propaganda to try and get more parents to send their children and to get less parents to take them back. They advertised evacuation as a chance to get their children away from the "crippling dislocation of city life". They also advertised for 'foster parents' in Scotland, Wales and the east of England. From the beginning of Operation Pied Piper the government was extremely organised and efficient, communicating with the potential evacuees' parents by bulletins issued through the schools. Evacuation was strictly voluntary so the government issued many posters and leaflets designed to persuade parents to send their children away. The evacuation of children was a genuine effort by the government to protect the vulnerable British citizens in large cities. They based their decision upon expectations of large-scale air raids on cities using bombs and possibly gas. Such ideas had evolved from the first bombing raids in the First World War and seemed borne out by the evidence of the bombing of Guernica and Shanghai. Evacuation seemed to be amply justified for reasons of civilian morale. ?? ?? ?? ?? Katherine Matson ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Developmental Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Developmental Psychology essays

  1. Why Did The British Government Decide To Evacuate Children At The Start Of World ...

    Having the children there in these buildings unnecessarily would have caused an overflow of people needing to be in buildings and by freeing all this space up could mean people could be spaced out more as to where they would hide from the air raids, be treated for injuries etc.

  2. Why did the British government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities in ...

    of children appeared to be the best move for the British government. Linking to the fact that children were the future, maybe not at that exact point in time but potentially, these children were an integral part of Britain and if the numbers decreased, so to, would the literacy levels,

  1. What Were The Differing Reactions In Britain To The Policy Of Evacuating Children During ...

    As it so happened on the 7th September 1940, the major cities were targeted and bombed, and the country suddenly realised that evacuation was the best and only option for the parents of these cities to save their children's lives.

  2. I have decided to do my portfolio on Beaufort Park School, for several reasons. ...

    For example, in the class that I was working, there was a boy who had severe learning problems, yet he tries to join in with all the class activities, the teacher tries to include him in everything. However, before the policy was introduced he would have had a teacher to himself, and would have been excluded from the class.

  1. Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities in ...

    It could also be beneficial to the children and the foster parents alike as it opened their eyes to the cities and country and of the other lives they both knew so little about. Yet another reason for the mass-evacuation of Britain was that if the children were evacuated to

  2. The idea for my coursework is the potential changing aspirations of teenage girls in ...

    I will carry out an initial pilot study. In doing so I will interview two or three teenage girls in an unstructured format. This will be useful as I will be able to format relevant questions that will ensure I get results that link directly to my aim and are of more relevance to girls aspirations.

  1. Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities in ...

    The Government handed out propaganda about the situation, trying to persuade people to give homes to evacuees. Although separating children from their families and transporting them far away without knowing why or for how long was a frightening experience,

  2. This curriculum plan is to be based on children aged between nought to two ...

    she is present, not tired and has had enough drink and food. Egg heads- this consists of showing the children an egg, explaining to them about the shell, its delicate, thin etc, cracking the egg to show the children a raw (not been cooked)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work