• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Critical Discussion of Bowlby

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Critical discussion & Evaluation of Bowlby's views on the effects of maternal deprivation By Kendra Pinder Bowlby's theory of "Maternal deprivation" was founded on the hypothesis, that if a child is detached on a physical and emotional level from its primary carer. (In this case the mother) that this will have long term affects emotionally for that child. This detachment according to Bowlby would see an increase in disruptive and deviant behaviour, as well as a detachment between themselves and their children in the future, even going as far as to suggest that a child that is affected by the detachment of its mother, could possibly child grow into an" affectionless psychopath" lacking any social conscience. Bowlby's foundation for his theory was based on the research of a group of children who had been referred to his clinic for stealing (juvenile thieves), according to Bowlby's research of this group, he found that 32% of them were indeed lacking any conscious understanding or empathy towards the society in which they inhabited and was part of. ...read more.

Middle

Also attempting to bring touch of home into the wards, such as d�cor, toys and so on. Orphanages and children homes also followed suit downsizing the amount of children in one home and increasing the staff to child ratio. The judicial system and children's welfare also took on board much of Bowlby's theory, when deliberating on a child's welfare when in an abusive home. Not only was the child's physical health taken on board but also emotional health also. In some cases children would be allowed to stay within the home, but the families would work with the children's welfare to encourage better parenting, and to find ways to work with the abusers to halt the abuse. Apart from the latter, Bowlby's theory added to his research did hold much weight, and certainly seemed to have changed things for the better for child care within this country and across the globe in many respects. Bowlby's theory of maternal deprivation though has had many criticisms from many academics, academics such as Sir Michael Rutter suggested that seperation was infact a very complex and diverse subject, and through research and study of children who were seperated ...read more.

Conclusion

To Bowlby ,just the same as Freud,it certainly does seem as though what is broken can never be fixed. Research since then done by academics such as rutter have been able to refute Bowlbys theory to varying degrees.Bowlby very much focuses on the mother within a childs life,and does not seem to take into consideration other family members and caregivers. This it would seem also leads to much critisism of his theory. The conclusion it would seem, would be to certainly take on board Bowlbys theory,but also to apply others thoughts and findings within the childrens psychology. We as a society could very easily be dismissing the strengths and advantegs that others within a childs life. Also by understanding what the primary carer for a child would normally provide, this allows us to gauge what a child does infact need in its life. Whether the mother is there or not,by understanding what another ideally should be providing for a child, an individual or many individauls can tale on the role as wholly the primary carer, or segments of that role. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Cognitive Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Cognitive Psychology essays

  1. Memory: Rote Rhearsal and Mental Imagery.

    They were allowed to see the final results if they wished to do so, but ofcourse names of participants would not be mentioned-just the overall findings would be displayed. The standardised instructions helped to control the variables that may have biased the experiment.

  2. Describe the application of behaviorist perspectives in health and social care. Describe the application ...

    The id is based on a pleasure principle and wants what it wants when it wants it. This is why it is linked to babies instincts as this is how a baby will react in the firs several mounts of there life.

  1. How Minority views afects Majority - Conformity

    take part and agree to everything that is on the consent form is anonymous + secure from other people viewing their details. The second ethical issue is deception which may occur in the experiment. If participants have any queries or questions to the experimenter, he cannot withhold the truth and

  2. Psychology Coursework

    Participants will not be affected by this investigation, in any way. Contents Page number Abstract 1 Introduction 2 Aim/Hypotheses 4 Method 5 Treatment of results 7 Discussion 8 References 11 Bibliography 12 Appendix A: Consent form given to participants 13 Appendix B: Instructions read out to participants 14 Appendix C:

  1. Cognition & development How a human/child develops knowledge/understanding of everything.

    * The question is were all the participants treated equally through standardised questioning? - No, therefore this causes experimenter bias. * He used conversations to report data, not statistical analysis, therefore he could have only chosen those that supported him.

  2. Psychology discussion

    words recalled for both the organised and disorganised list compared to Bowers results, however this is due to the fact that more words were involved in Bowers list: - 26 compared to the 10 words used on my list. This will have had an affect on memory as the participant is challenged to remember more words.

  1. Free essay

    Correlation between age and sleep

    Sleep has a big impact on our life. I think sleep it is the most interesting part of the physiological approach and I am interested in seeing the relationship between sleep and age for myself with my own research. It is an ethical and straightforward study to carry out and gathers quantitative results, ideal for my coursework.

  2. Memory's Impact

    Secondly a single blind design was used to reduce the amount of participant reactivity. The uses of standardised instructions were to provide a minimum of investigator effects. To ensure the study was not gender or cultural biased a wide range of different participants were used both male and female from different cultures to take part in the study.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work