• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Critical Discussion of Bowlby

Extracts from this document...


Critical discussion & Evaluation of Bowlby's views on the effects of maternal deprivation By Kendra Pinder Bowlby's theory of "Maternal deprivation" was founded on the hypothesis, that if a child is detached on a physical and emotional level from its primary carer. (In this case the mother) that this will have long term affects emotionally for that child. This detachment according to Bowlby would see an increase in disruptive and deviant behaviour, as well as a detachment between themselves and their children in the future, even going as far as to suggest that a child that is affected by the detachment of its mother, could possibly child grow into an" affectionless psychopath" lacking any social conscience. Bowlby's foundation for his theory was based on the research of a group of children who had been referred to his clinic for stealing (juvenile thieves), according to Bowlby's research of this group, he found that 32% of them were indeed lacking any conscious understanding or empathy towards the society in which they inhabited and was part of. ...read more.


Also attempting to bring touch of home into the wards, such as d�cor, toys and so on. Orphanages and children homes also followed suit downsizing the amount of children in one home and increasing the staff to child ratio. The judicial system and children's welfare also took on board much of Bowlby's theory, when deliberating on a child's welfare when in an abusive home. Not only was the child's physical health taken on board but also emotional health also. In some cases children would be allowed to stay within the home, but the families would work with the children's welfare to encourage better parenting, and to find ways to work with the abusers to halt the abuse. Apart from the latter, Bowlby's theory added to his research did hold much weight, and certainly seemed to have changed things for the better for child care within this country and across the globe in many respects. Bowlby's theory of maternal deprivation though has had many criticisms from many academics, academics such as Sir Michael Rutter suggested that seperation was infact a very complex and diverse subject, and through research and study of children who were seperated ...read more.


To Bowlby ,just the same as Freud,it certainly does seem as though what is broken can never be fixed. Research since then done by academics such as rutter have been able to refute Bowlbys theory to varying degrees.Bowlby very much focuses on the mother within a childs life,and does not seem to take into consideration other family members and caregivers. This it would seem also leads to much critisism of his theory. The conclusion it would seem, would be to certainly take on board Bowlbys theory,but also to apply others thoughts and findings within the childrens psychology. We as a society could very easily be dismissing the strengths and advantegs that others within a childs life. Also by understanding what the primary carer for a child would normally provide, this allows us to gauge what a child does infact need in its life. Whether the mother is there or not,by understanding what another ideally should be providing for a child, an individual or many individauls can tale on the role as wholly the primary carer, or segments of that role. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Cognitive Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Cognitive Psychology essays

  1. Memory: Rote Rhearsal and Mental Imagery.

    They were allowed to see the final results if they wished to do so, but ofcourse names of participants would not be mentioned-just the overall findings would be displayed. The standardised instructions helped to control the variables that may have biased the experiment.

  2. Describe the application of behaviorist perspectives in health and social care. Describe the application ...

    Displacement This is when someone redirects represses desires and impulses onto a relatively safe target. Sublimation This involves the process of transforming aggressive and sexual desires into some socially acceptable expression. A person diagnosed with cancer and is refusing to accept it is using ego defence mechanisms of repression and denial.

  1. Psychology Coursework

    Clues and cues can come in many different ways such as being in the same place or mood which replicates when the information was first learnt or looking at a visual aid such as a photography or video. Retrieval failure suggests that information which is stored in the depths of the LTM is actually there.

  2. Cognition & development How a human/child develops knowledge/understanding of everything.

    * Scaffolding is provided in the form of instruction. This would support Vygotsky's theory of cognitive development through joint activity or interaction. * Teachers need to be aware of the children's capabilities so that they can extend the extremely bright ones and bring on the middle group and aid the bottom group.

  1. Free essay

    Correlation between age and sleep

    In order to deal with the confounding variables I adopted standardized procedure. The diary I provided to the participants have place for "any comments". So participant could put down any additional information which could have significant influence for the finding.

  2. Investigation into the relationship between an individuals precieved ugliness, harmfullness and an individuals fear ...

    3 5 3 2 2 9.5 16 Octopus 1 2 1 1 3 2 4 4 5 3 4 4 4 2 5 3 4 4 5 5 3.3 22 17 Parrot 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 3 2 2 3 5 1 3 1 1 3

  1. Psychology Retrospective Interference coursework

    The findings suggest that the recall of the earlier learnt material can be affected by the later learnt material due to retrospective interference. The more similar the later material or task, the greater the interference and the higher level of forgetting.

  2. Memory's Impact

    after the experiment had taken place about the nature and purpose of the study. Also other information about the participants was kept confidential. During the study no participants felt the need withdraw or withhold any of their data. Results Descriptive Statistics The table below shows the findings from the study and compares condition A with condition B.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work