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Cultural differences in adolescent behaviour

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Introduction

Cultural differences in adolescent behaviour? A01 Socialisation is culturally relative process as the research evidence on cultural differences in adolescent behaviour demonstrated. Research avoidance for: The individualistic (USA & Europe) Vs collectivist (Asia and China) dimension shows that different cultures have very different constructs of self. For example individualistic cultures have an independent construct where sense of self is based on individual attributes and is egocentric, i.e. self cantered; and collectivist cultures have interdependent constructs where sense of self is based on the collective, i.e. how the individual feels as part of the group (Markus & Kitnyama, 1991). These differences show that adolescence is culturally constructed. Some collectivist cultures discourage peer relationships to maintain the tie to the family, whereas in individualistic culture the emphasis on independence means the family has less influence over peer relationships. Collectivist cultures wit h clear rites of passage often do not have a clearly identifiable period of adolescence. ...read more.

Middle

This makes sense because it is probably harder to curve out an identity if the ethnic identity deviates greatly from the dominant majority. The delinquent subculture is further evidence of cultural differences. Hargreaves (1967) research on subcultures in a school population of 14 to 15 years old, boys in north - east England revealed that the delinquent subculture tends to comprise low achievers, and status and popularity are gained from anti - social behaviour rather than academic achievement. The subculture provided a sense of success and acceptance that was not available to the boys within the mainstream culture. The growing phenomenon of underachieving boys shows that the delinquent subculture is not necessarily based on the lack of ability. It has appeal to students who do well within the mainstream school culture if they had the motivation to do so. This shows that the cultural context is critical in adolescent identity formation because it is culture that constructs the deviant and non - deviant routes to this. ...read more.

Conclusion

Cultural values, such as individualism versus collectivism, have a major impact on adolescent development. This cultural influence is not surprising since adolescents are being socialised into becoming members of their society. 2) Minimising cultural differences: exposure to the universal culture of American media (television and internet) may reduce cultural differences. TV and internet are establishing a universal and fairly American culture for today's adolescents. Programmes such as "friends" and 'Buffy the vampire slayer' create a new set of adolescent norms and values. 3) Strong research evidence: the amount and variety of research on cultural differences and differences within the same cultures over time provides indisputable evidence that adolescence is culturally rather biologically constructed. 4) Ethnocentrism: cross - cultural research is often biased because of the researchers own cultural viewpoint, which invalidates the findings and interpretations. The western norm is often imposed on other cultures, which is culturally biased. 5) Linguistic difficulties: research across cultures relies on transition, which can be a source of bias, as meaning can get lost in the translation. Other cultures understanding of adolescence may also differ. ...read more.

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