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Describe and Evaluate Milgram's (1963) experiment

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Psychology Tahir Ahmed Question: Describe and Evaluate Milgram (1963) experiment Milgram (1963) Aim This was to test the idea that the Germans were somehow different from other people, in that they were able carry out barbaric acts against Jews and other minorities. Procedure Milgram advertise and told participants that they were taking part in a real experiment. He had a helper who was learner who would "receive" the fake shocks. At the start the participants were given a 45 volts shock in order to convince them the shocks were real. Experiment took place at Yale University. Participants arrived and waited with helper in a room. The participant was led to believe that the learner was also a participant. They drew lots to decide who would be the learner; however this was rigged so the helper would always be the learner. ...read more.


If at any time the subject indicated his desire to halt the experiment, he was given a succession of verbal prods by the experimenter, in this order: 1. Please continue. 2. The experiment requires that you continue. 3. It is absolutely essential that you continue. 4. You have no other choice, you must go on. Results 26 of the 40 men who took part in this study and 26 of the 40 women who were tested went to the end. 100% went to 300volts and 60% went to 450volts. Conclusion Social influence is strong and people obey orders even when this causes them distress. The Milgram experiment can be backed by the Meeus and Raaijmakers (1985). This took place in a university and they had 39 volunteers which is roughly the same amount Milgram used. ...read more.


It does not deal with other external factors such as the personality of the participant and the fact it was done in Yale the obedience could increase, this is proven when the obedience decreased when it was done in a run-down office. This experiment has is very controversial in term of the ethics. They were no consent as the participants were deceived and told it was a memory test. The participants were allowed to withdraw but Milgram made it very hard with his responses. This experiment was carried out in 1963 at that time the CCCDDW were not introduced. At the end of the experiment he debriefed the participants, most were glad they took part in the experiment. I conclude by saying the Milgram experiment proves people are willing to listen and obey anyone with power/authority and this helps describe various actions which surprises people. ...read more.

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