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Describe and evaluate one method/approach of managing the negative effects of stress.

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Introduction

Gemma Lee Psychology Describe and evaluate one method/approach of managing the negative effects of stress There are two methods in which you can manage the negative effects of stress; these two methods are physiological and psychological. Under these methods are different categories can help with the management of stress. I have chosen to look at the Physiological method: Biofeedback - This is where someone is able to learn to control involuntary muscles or voluntary muscles, which are not usually controlled (e.g. blood pressure and heart rate). The aim of this method is to reduce the bodily sensations, which belong with stress (e.g. tension in the shoulders). ...read more.

Middle

- Psychological methods; or by trying to reduce the stress response (emotion - focused) - Physiological methods. The difference between "coping" with stress and "managing! Is that people try to cope with stress as best they can, but management is to stop stress happening in the first place (by carrying out various methods) It appears that biofeedback has produced a lot of long-term reductions in stress for everyday people. However, it is hart to see the beneficial effects of biofeedback to see if it has as much effect as once thought. With biofeedback, relaxation techniques is also used, which means that it is hard to tell whether biofeedback has been the success or the relaxation techniques. ...read more.

Conclusion

The problems with using anti - anxiety drugs to reduce the problems of stress, is that whilst short term it can be very beneficial it does not get rid of the problems that were causing the stress in the first place. The drugs can have large side effects as well. Drugs such as Benzodiazepines are limited to a short-term usage, which means a limitation of about four weeks. Ashton (1997) said that these drugs should only be given to people who were suffering severe anxiety symptoms, and that they should only be given in small doses. People who may have come dependant on those drugs should reduce their intake gradually. About 70% of people that are determined to give these drugs up, manage to do this for large periods of around several years or more. ...read more.

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Response to the question

This essay is neither greatly cohesive nor a satisfactory response to the question. Candidate's must realise that Psychology essays are actually very prescriptive, and require a very pre-set structure in order to meet the requirements of the mark scheme in ...

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Response to the question

This essay is neither greatly cohesive nor a satisfactory response to the question. Candidate's must realise that Psychology essays are actually very prescriptive, and require a very pre-set structure in order to meet the requirements of the mark scheme in the time given. The candidate's description of the biological preventions of stress management is fair although the introductory paragraph appears to be lodged into the middle of the essay, disrupting the natural flow. As well as this, the candidate's argument is not balanced, as three limitations have been suggested (two for the anti-anxiety drugs and one for the biofeedback) and only one strength (for the biofeedback treatment), whereas the candidate really should be looking to have two strengths and weaknesses for each treatment.

Level of analysis

The Level of Analysis is fair but each point is left unfinished, meaning that, were three marks offered for each evaluative point, candidates are required to list A) the strength/weakness, B) the reason it's a strength/weakness, and C) a study that exemplifies this. This candidate only ever does a two at a maximum for there evaluative points so they elicit only 7/12 for AO2 (critical evaluation). AO1 (knowledge and understanding) points are also below average, with the candidate only very briefly giving descriptions of the treatments; so little information is evident here that it becomes hard to understand the concept of some of these treatments if the readers do not have prior knowledge of studying them. This is bad because the examiners may 'play dumb' and expect a more fully-fledged explanation. To be sure you are directly answering the question satisfactorily, you should look to the command word. The explanation given here is more appropriate for an "Outline" command, but a lot more detail is required for a "Describe" question such as this one.

Quality of writing

The Quality of Written Communication here average. Some silly errors have been made as a result of the candidate not opting to conduct re-reading and spell-checks. In a question primarily consisting of short answers this is not a problem, but in long essay answer such as this Psychology question, a need for good English is absolutely imperative, so to not conduct these proof-reads and leave obvious typing errors like ""coping" with stress and "managing! stress" will lower the QWC mark.


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Reviewed by sydneyhopcroft 09/07/2012

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