• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe and evaluate the Cognitive Approach

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Describe and evaluate the Cognitive Approach ________________ The cognitive approach in psychology focuses on the internal mental processes of an individual. The word cognition refers to the process by which the sensory input is transformed, reduced, elaborated, stored, recovered and used; this definition was from Ulric Neisser. This approach was very dominated in the 1950?s onwards. This was because of the modern research on human performance and attention during the 2nd world war, developments in computer science, artificial intelligence and the growing interest in linguistics. This approach is different from other approached in different ways. On way is that the approach adopts the use of scientific, experimental methods to measure mental processes rejecting the psychodynamic use of introspection. ...read more.

Middle

He decided to header the football (decision-making). Jaime header the ball into the net, scoring a point for his team (output).Progressing from the 80?s there has been a growing interest in both computational and connectionist models to explain human mental processing. Another model is the computational and connectionist, this method still uses the computer analogy to explain mental processes. Although the emphasis now is greatly to do with the use of simulations to study how human intelligence is structured, that?s what?s involved when information is processed rather than when and how much information is processed. The computational model seeks to explain how our cognitive system operates in terms of goals, plans and actions in completing tasks. ...read more.

Conclusion

This is opposite to the humanistic approach which uses predictive power, lacking scientist methods. Models like eh information processing approach have been used to explain the mental; processing, this has helped explain metal processes, unlike other approached this isn?t based on assumptions and observation, also making this approach an advantage. This approach has been described as downgrading and undermines the complexities of the human mind, by comparing and portraying it as a computer. This is a big disadvantage due to its failure at seeing the intricacy of the mind, somewhat making the approach seem crude and simple. Many of the cognitive theories are from artificial laboratory theories, meaning there from computer systems or programs which mimic cognitive functioning. This is a big disadvantage because it just makes assumptions about individual and doesn?t take in account of the everyday behaviours. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level The Psychology of Individual Differences section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level The Psychology of Individual Differences essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Compare and contrast the main approaches - Biological and Behaviourist, biological and cognitive, ...

    4 star(s)

    A further similarity is that they are both deterministic. According to Freud our behaviour is determined by innate forces (id, ego, and superego) and childhood experiences. It therefore believes that we have no free will (choice) on who we become and how we behave. This is a deterministic view point as it sees our personality as being shaped (pre-determined)

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Describe and Evaluate Psychodynamic, Behaviourist and Humanist Theory of Psychology

    4 star(s)

    The humanist approach is known as Phenomenological as it focuses on the human experience. Humanists believe that each person is unique and the focus of the approach is on the subjective feelings and emotions of individuals. This is referred to as ideographic, meaning that it focuses on the uniqueness of

  1. The Gestalt Approach to Psychology

    Gestalt psychology is based on isomorphism. The Penguin Dictionary of Psychology (1995) defines isomorphism as "the hypothesis that there is such a structural similarity between excitatory fields in the cortex and conscious experience. Note that the correspondence here is not presumed to be between the physical stimulus and the brain but between the perception of the stimulus and the brain".

  2. Consider the Problems Faced by Psychologists in the Definition of Abnormality

    The Global Assessment of Functioning Scale (GAF) is used in assessments by psychologists in order to determine whether a person has a mental illness/abnormality. A poor score on the GAF combined with poor scores from other psychological and physical measures can be an indication of a psychological disorder.

  1. Outline and Evaluate the Biological, Psychodynamic and Cognitive Explanations of Abnormality

    Each of these possibilities poses a new problem. A drug addiction is hard to beat and may lead to a long term dependency on the drugs- this will require further therapy (such as cognitive therapy, rather than further medical treatments) in order to discontinue the medication course and may be very psychologically demanding on an already psychologically fragile individual.

  2. Free essay

    Discuss the range of methods available to the psychologist.

    This is called a confounding variable, which has an unintended effect on the DV. A confounding variable is thought to be the biggest problem in research as it leads to lack of certainty in being able to determine cause and effect.

  1. EVALUATE THE MEDICAL MODEL AND THE BEHAVIOURAL MODEL OF ABNORMALITY

    This model states that maladaptive learning can be treated by changing the environment so that unlearning of the particular behaviour can take place.

  2. Level 2 Counselling skills. Theories -CBT, Psychodynamic and Person Centred.

    When they do so, their distress usually decreases; they are able to behave more functionally. Individuals also learn to identify and modify their distorted beliefs: their basic understanding of themselves, their worlds, and other people. These distorted beliefs influence their processing of information, and give rise to their distorted thoughts.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work