• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe and evaluate the Cognitive Approach

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Describe and evaluate the Cognitive Approach ________________ The cognitive approach in psychology focuses on the internal mental processes of an individual. The word cognition refers to the process by which the sensory input is transformed, reduced, elaborated, stored, recovered and used; this definition was from Ulric Neisser. This approach was very dominated in the 1950?s onwards. This was because of the modern research on human performance and attention during the 2nd world war, developments in computer science, artificial intelligence and the growing interest in linguistics. This approach is different from other approached in different ways. On way is that the approach adopts the use of scientific, experimental methods to measure mental processes rejecting the psychodynamic use of introspection. ...read more.

Middle

He decided to header the football (decision-making). Jaime header the ball into the net, scoring a point for his team (output).Progressing from the 80?s there has been a growing interest in both computational and connectionist models to explain human mental processing. Another model is the computational and connectionist, this method still uses the computer analogy to explain mental processes. Although the emphasis now is greatly to do with the use of simulations to study how human intelligence is structured, that?s what?s involved when information is processed rather than when and how much information is processed. The computational model seeks to explain how our cognitive system operates in terms of goals, plans and actions in completing tasks. ...read more.

Conclusion

This is opposite to the humanistic approach which uses predictive power, lacking scientist methods. Models like eh information processing approach have been used to explain the mental; processing, this has helped explain metal processes, unlike other approached this isn?t based on assumptions and observation, also making this approach an advantage. This approach has been described as downgrading and undermines the complexities of the human mind, by comparing and portraying it as a computer. This is a big disadvantage due to its failure at seeing the intricacy of the mind, somewhat making the approach seem crude and simple. Many of the cognitive theories are from artificial laboratory theories, meaning there from computer systems or programs which mimic cognitive functioning. This is a big disadvantage because it just makes assumptions about individual and doesn?t take in account of the everyday behaviours. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level The Psychology of Individual Differences section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level The Psychology of Individual Differences essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Compare and contrast the main approaches - Biological and Behaviourist, biological and cognitive, ...

    4 star(s)

    by forces that we cannot change nor have any control over. The behaviourist approach explains that behaviour is influenced exclusively by classical and operant conditioning. Therefore we are predetermined to develop a phobia if we have had a negative association with it.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Describe and Evaluate Psychodynamic, Behaviourist and Humanist Theory of Psychology

    4 star(s)

    Humanists believed that psychodynamics and behaviourism neglected key aspects as to what it is to be human, for example, only relying on scientific and observable methods neglected what it is to be human, humanists believed. Humanists also argued that the psychodynamics relied too much on the unconscious and childhood rather than the conscious mind and the here and now.

  1. Consider the Problems Faced by Psychologists in the Definition of Abnormality

    With other definitions of abnormality, deviating from perceived norms may not always mean a person needs psychological help- as long as they continue to function well and are not affecting themselves or others negatively. However, with a failure to function adequately, as the name suggests, the person himself is being

  2. The Gestalt Approach to Psychology

    Awareness can only take place in the here-and-now. Change occurs when an individual identifies with parts of their personality that have split off and completes their unfinished business. This can only happen with awareness. Yontef, in Gestalt Counselling in Action (1989), explained what is called the "paradox of change" as

  1. Outline and Evaluate the Biological, Psychodynamic and Cognitive Explanations of Abnormality

    There is the guilt from older generations for passing down a 'faulty' gene that caused the sufferer to have the condition. There is also the anxiety that as genetic condition other family members may show the illness at some stage in their life.

  2. Free essay

    Discuss the range of methods available to the psychologist.

    The IV in this study is people working alone and people working in groups and the DV is whether people can generate more ideas if working alone or in groups. When carrying out the laboratory experiment the researcher needs to attempt to control the extraneous variables (EV).

  1. EVALUATE THE MEDICAL MODEL AND THE BEHAVIOURAL MODEL OF ABNORMALITY

    This model states that maladaptive learning can be treated by changing the environment so that unlearning of the particular behaviour can take place.

  2. Level 2 Counselling skills. Theories -CBT, Psychodynamic and Person Centred.

    Deals with a person?s psyche (emotions, feelings, thoughts) 4. Inborn Instincts are the foundations upon which childhood experiences build our personality. 5. Our true motives are unconscious and hidden from us because the instincts and urges are taboo. 6.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work