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describe and evaluate three aproahces to f

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Introduction

Assignment 1 Describe and evaluate three approaches to defining crime. Clive R Hollin (1989) utilizes three main approaches into defining crime. These three approaches are the Consensus view, Conflict view and Interactionist view. Consensus view Consensus view shows that the law identifies the crime and that it applies to everyone equally. The consensus view acknowledges the major purpose of a legal system as a way of protecting a secure society and is more or less of equivalent benefits to all its society. This approach is concerned with the society's legal system it is based on a consensus between most of its associates about what actions will not be approved and should consequently deserve punishment. Consequently actions are only morally wrong if they are outlawed. Definite illegal acts are regularly considered to be wrong and have always been prohibited, e.g. malevolent wounding. Other actions such as anti social behaviour slip by out of criminal law depending on the altering value of society. ...read more.

Middle

The Interactionist view is the central point between consensus and conflict approaches. This view accentuates that there are no complete values of official crime statistics give one important source of information on recorded crime but these drastically overestimate the amount of crime because many crimes go unreported. There are many reasons for this. People may believe the offence too minor; they may distrust that the police can do anything about it; they might favour to deal with the issue personally or not recognise the act to be criminal. Many crimes such as vandalism and tax fraud have no victim to report them. However other crimes such as drug dealing and soliciting have prepared victims who are reported they do not essentially be recorded by the police, who may believe them to be to inconsequential to warrant intervention. As well as this, several crimes are more possible to be reported than other; in general it is the more severe crimes that are reported but there are other contemplations. ...read more.

Conclusion

At times police themselves feel some crimes are too trivial in order to report them such as minor domestic arguments. The British Crime surveyors never cover all the crimes. Such as murders as a dead person cannot report what had happened to them. 2000 British crime survey The 2000 British crime survey shows the figures to have fallen by 10%. The figures at 1995 were at its highest ever at 4000 incidents, at 2000 the figures had fallen to approximately 3200 incidents. It showed robbery and theft to have risen. Attempted thefts accounted for just over a quarter (27%) of all vehicle-related thefts in 1999, whereas in 1981 they were a much minor proportion (10%). This may point out that cars are becoming considerable more difficult to get into. In 52% of incidents there was some type of injury. Injuries were most common in domestic violence (70%); least common (29%) for mugging. The most common form of injury was minor bruising or a black eye (33%) pursued by severe bruising (16%). For domestic violence these percentages were 44% and 29% in that order. ...read more.

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