• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe processes for initiating, maintaining, developing and concluding a counselling relation.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

P1- Describe processes for initiating, maintaining, developing and concluding a counselling relation In this assignment I will look at how a counselling session goes and the need for supervision and referrals. Counselling is a process that enables a person to sort out issues and reach decisions affecting their life. Often counselling is sought out at times of change or crisis, it need not be so, however, as counselling can also help us at any time of our life. Counselling involves talking with a person in a way that helps that person solve a problem or helps to create conditions that will cause the person to understand and improve their behaviour, character, values or life circumstances. At the start of a counselling session, the counsellor will more than likely initiate the session between themselves and the client. This done by contracting with the client. The counselling contract outlines the confidentiality and boundaries that a counsellor offers. Confidentiality is absolute and whatever is disclosed in a counselling session is never revealed outside the session in connection with the client's name, neither is the identity of the client ever revealed to anyone. This has certain legal expectations, i.e., if the client threatens to hurt others or if the client tells the counsellor that they have hurt someone. ...read more.

Middle

Code of ethics and Practice for Counsellors, BACP (1992) Amended AGM September 1993, par.B.3.1 and B.3.2 (Sanders, P. 2002:99) Working under supervision means that a counsellor or psychotherapist uses the services of another counsellor or psychotherapist to review their work with clients, their professional development, and often their personal development as well. Supervision is a professional service, rather than a managerial role, and for counsellors who work in institutions, supervision and management will normally be entirely separate. The supervisor acts not as a 'boss', but as a consultant. Some counsellors also use group supervision, in which several therapists confer on each other's work, although ordinarily this is used in addition to individual supervision, rather than as a replacement. Supervision exists for two reasons; to protect clients and to improve the ability of counsellors to provide value to their clients. Supervision protects clients by involving a third party in the work of a counsellor and client, helping the counsellor concerned to reflect on their own feelings, thoughts, behaviour and general approach with the client. Supervision is something that every practising counsellor must have to maintain client and counsellor safety during counselling. The supervisor will not be told anything which identifies the client P5- Explain the importance of referral procedures Referrals in counselling usually happen when the counsellor feels the need that they cannot deal with the clients' problems any more, for example they are not trained to do so. ...read more.

Conclusion

Parents of children and young people with worrying sexual behavior; to give them information about the warning signs and when to seek help. NSPCC- the London Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children was founded in 1884 and changed its name to The National Society of prevention of Cruelty to Children (NSPCC) 1889. Its aim then was to protect children form cruelty, support vulnerable families, campaign for changes to the law and raise awareness about abuse. Today the NSPCC looks very different, but its purpose remains the same: to end cruelty to children. Most of their work is with children, young people and their families. They also work to achieve cultural, social and political change - influencing legislation, policy, practice public attitudes and behaviors and delivering services for the benefit of young people. They want to see a society where all children are loved, valued and able to fulfill their potential. To do this they have four objectives: to mobilize everyone to take action to end child cruelty, to give children the help, support and environment they need to stay safe from cruelty, to find ways of working with communities to keep children safe from cruelty, to be, and be seen as, someone to turn to for children and young people. ?? ?? ?? ?? Toni Woodward Unit 16 Counselling Martin Faulkner 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Developmental Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Developmental Psychology essays

  1. Communication skills in a group interaction.

    I was very pleased with they way I introduced this topic of each pupils Christmases because it helped to make the interaction go smoother, along with added laughter and enjoyment! My observer too, also felt that I was successful in promoting relationships between the pupils.

  2. Original writing - The secret silence.

    Your blindness will be taken for granted. Perhaps you should know that this light comes from the dying stars and one day will be dispersed into nothingness. One day the light will be reduced to the invisible and equal counterpart of Darkness. Till then, blessed be the gleaming mirage of the "real" forms.

  1. c hallenging a client to change

    - Can I handle the consequences? - Does the challenge relate to the here and now? - Whose needs are being met by the challenge? In the counselling world there are many theories in challenging a client's responses. I have chosen to use the Gestalt theory to describe ways in

  2. Task1 Counselling 1aPhysical signs and symptoms of stress

    that overpowers her and must try to temper her excess emotions and put the situation in perspective, and not labour on the negative aspects and "what if's". > Mrs A must learn to moderate her physical reactions to stress, by slow, deep breathing to bring her heart rate and respiration back to normal.

  1. impact of dicriminatory practice

    When children are not discriminated against they can see the opposite effects to those who have been discriminated against.

  2. Behaviour Management

    I knelt down next to him in order to get on his level and pointed out that he had done really well with the ones he knew and not to give up, reassuring him that making mistakes is all part of learning.

  1. I have decided to do my portfolio on Beaufort Park School, for several reasons. ...

    So the children are using computers at least twice a week. * The schools use of information obtained from tests and assessments, as they do not inform target setting/future curriculum planning sufficiently well. How has Beaufort Park developed this over the two years after the inspection?

  2. What causes crime?

    See Sutherland's Approach. Sutherland's Approach Sutherland used social learning theory to advance differential association theory. Originally it suggested that the social organisations that people socialise in, determined whether they will participate in criminal activities. According to Sutherland criminal behaviour is learned through social interactions.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work