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Describe Psychological Therapies for Depression

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Introduction

´╗┐One psychological therapy of depression in Psychodynamic Interpersonal Therapy, this therapy was developed by Hobson, and focuses mainly on the relationship between the therapist and patient. When a comfortable relationship is established, past events that could be the cause of depression are relived and resolved to try and relieve the pressures that they may be putting on the individual. Hobson believes that because problems in our life are usually through interpersonal relationships, we should resolve these problems through a therapeutic relationship. The quality of the relationship is crucial for the effectiveness of the therapy. PIT consists of several interlinking components, of which include ?explanatory rationale? and ?staying with feelings?. ...read more.

Middle

Meaning that more people can have their symptoms improved, in theory. However, a weakness of Elkins findings is that just because PIT is as effective of CBT, this is a weakness because CBT may not be effective in the first place, making them both equally as ineffective. Therefore we must be cautious in trusting this therapy of depression as it may be used based on those findings even though it potentially could be very ineffective. This could lead to very serious consequences which could be dangerous for the patient. Furthermore even though PIT as often been found to be effective research has also shown that after 12 months the majority of patients revert to their previous state suggesting it may not be a completely curative treatment, instead it acts in the same way as drug therapy does in reducing the symptoms as more of a palliative treatment. ...read more.

Conclusion

Although this may be because CBT can often be used in group therapy allowing for a larger sample size, and that measuring thought processes are easier to than repressed emotions. This means than even though the majority of research on BDT has shown it to be effective compared to CBT the sample sizes are much smaller due to the way in which the treatment must be delivered, and the effort the psychologist must put in to educating the patient. This increased effort may also mean psychologists would be more likely to only publish data that is positive to justify the research, meaning some research may be subject to researcher bias. ...read more.

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