• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe the application of psychodynamic in health and social care

Extracts from this document...


P3 - Describe the application of psychodynamic in health and social care The unconscious mind The unconscious mind is part of the brain that stores repressed memories that have been forgotten or stored away so that they are not brought to the surface to be remembered as they may be unpleasant. Freud believed that the unconscious mind is very important as it determines someone's behaviour. This is called the dynamic unconscious. Behaviour is changed through the unconscious mind because when a bad memory has been stored away and not resurfaced because of the pain it entails it makes someone unconsciously, for example more anxious, erratic and possibly scared of certain situations. ...read more.


Early experiences Early experiences in a person's life are incredibly important for their behaviour and lifestyle in future life. According to www.psychology.about.com, 'According to Freud, much of a child's personality is completely established by the age of five. If this is indeed the case, those who have experienced deprived or abusive childhoods might never adjust or develop normally.' Therefore the experiences children have before there five can often determine how they develop through childhood into adulthood. However everyone is different and can learn to change their life if they have come from a deprived background to ensure a greater future for themselves and their family. ...read more.


Behaviours was looked at in a unique and different way through Freud's ideas. ', psychoanalysis had a lasting impact on both psychology and psychotherapy.' Erikson and his theory Erik Erikson produced the stages of psychological development stages that people go through in their life time. Erikson looked and explored childhood, adulthood and the elderly to explore the individual changes of the mind people encounter in their life time. Freud and Erikson have similar ideas on psychological development in people and their behaviour and personality. While Freud concentrated mainly on the behaviour of people Erikson worked to understand the stages of personality changes and how social experiences affect the personalities of individuals throughout their life time. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Cognitive Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a star student thought of this essay

3 star(s)

Response to the question

This essay is a response to a question focusing on how the psychodynamic approach to Psychology has contributed to the development of health and social care. There is some fair evidence of understanding of Freudian theory, though it has not ...

Read full review

Response to the question

This essay is a response to a question focusing on how the psychodynamic approach to Psychology has contributed to the development of health and social care. There is some fair evidence of understanding of Freudian theory, though it has not been successfully applied to a study such as, say, the Case Study of "Little Hans" and so it's validity as description is limited. I would also have liked to have seen a more in-depth description, rather than a paragraph on the unconscious mind that boils down to what we store inside it. Perhaps to focus more on how this relates to health and social care the candidate should has considered the other two parts of the mind - the conscious and the preconscious/sub-conscious. This would've shown a far better focus on the question and would has also won the candidate marks for a profound understanding of Freudian theory of memory.

Level of analysis

The Level of Analysis is poor here. This candidate can expect to achieve no higher than a high D grade because they do not describe, in the depth required, the whole of the psychodynamic perspective. There are hugely important factors missed out, all of which could contribute to the candidate's answer as they all link well with the development of health and social care. For instance, missing out the assumption that psychodynamic approach builds itself upon (that our adult behaviour is shaped by unconscious childhood experiences) is shooting yourself in the foot, as it is such a fundamental basis and candidate will lose easy marks for not identifying something so simple. To improve further, the candidate should consider what roles the Id, Ego and Superego play in controlling our behaviour in the present, and how an imbalance may lead to a certain reaction to certain health and social are programmes. For instance, a dominant Id may see someone kicking and screaming for more medication because they feel it works better if they take more - this is because the Id is the most fundamental and childish parts of our psyche and it does not understand nor appreciate society's moral rules - the is a job for the Ego. The candidate should've also mentioned defence mechanisms such as Denial, which is hugely important in diagnosing mental illnesses that require health and social care programmes to be treated.

Quality of writing

The Quality of Written Communication (QWC) isn't very good either. Much of the essay relies heavily on quotes from other sources, and here, the more complex use of English is very good, but what the candidate has actually written is fairly basic. They do not use much advanced, field-specific lexis required of A Level Psychology candidates such as "defence mechanisms" and "retrospection", and there is a limited use of challenging punctuation, meaning the overall QWC marks is low. To improve, the candidate should familiarise themselves with the appropriate terminology required to answer a question like this, as this would demonstrate to the examiner a confident writer who has a good understanding of psychological terminology and how to apply it.

Did you find this review helpful? Join our team of reviewers and help other students learn

Reviewed by sydneyhopcroft 23/03/2012

Read less
Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Cognitive Psychology essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Are memories permanent and unalterable?

    4 star(s)

    the memories, have not gained acceptance in the field of psychology, and are not scientifically reliable" (Schacter 1996). The permanence of human memory is also supported by hypnotherapists who view hypnosis as a retrieval technique for completely forgotten memories. According to several hypnotherapists regression under hypnosis successfully brings out completely

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Craik and Lockhart believed that depth is a critical concept for levels of processing ...

    4 star(s)

    Interference theory - In the 1930's to 1950's psychologists believed that the cause for forgetting was interference. Interference is when another set of information comes in and wipes out all or part of the other memory. When previous learning interferes with late learning and retention, this is known as proactive interference.

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Outline & Evaluate the psychodynamic model of abnormality

    3 star(s)

    On the other hand, the parents may be too lenient with toilet training. This leads the child to develop a "messy" personality. For example the adult person may become too generous and give all their money away or have a messy bedroom.


    Consent forms issued to participants is very precise, stating the objectives and everything else the participant needs to know about the study. (See appendix 3). Briefing Before participating in a study there must be a full explanation of its aims and purposes.

  1. Investigating the short-term memory

    Here the mean score was calculated to be 8.5, which clearly reflects the high recalls scored. Alan Baddeley (1966) came up with the idea that coding in short term memory was based on the sound of the word or Acoustic memory, which was concluded after his study.

  2. Describe the application of behaviorist perspectives in health and social care. Describe the application ...

    After the child has done this repeatedly they will learn that of they have a tantrum they will get what they want in this case being the sweets sop there for this is positive reinforcement. Also if due to the carer giving into the child every time the child has

  1. Report on Psychological Research into Eyewitness Testimony

    After this event participants were required to identify the man from a set of fifty photographs. There was a considerable difference between the two sets of results- those who witnessed the man carrying a pen were 49% accurate in recognising his photograph, whilst those who witnessed the man carrying a knife were only 33% accurate.

  2. 'Organisation in Memory'.

    The results I collected were analysed using the Mann Whitney U statistical test. From this I calculated that my results were significant to a level of P<0.005 which is a much higher level of significance than that expected which was P<0.05.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work