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Describe three debates in development psychology. Nature versus Nurture, Continuity vs. Discontinuity and the Ideographic vs. Nomothetic Approach to Psychology

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Introduction

P1 Describe three debates in development psychology. In this assignment, I will be describing three debates in development psychology. I will be doing this by also describing the key aspects of the Nature and Nurture and the different between a nomothetic and idiographic approach to psychology. In addition to this assignment, I will be explaining what is meant by continuity vs. discontinuity hypothesis, giving one example each. Developmental psychology is a mathematical group within psychology which focuses on the study of behavioural changes. In late centuries, the actual term has been used specifically to refer to the behaviour development of children; however developmental psychologists actually study people of all ages. For example, looking at behaviour from the womb until death, which are sometime influenced by the genetic and environmental factors (Nature and Nurture). "Many researches in this field can apply their skills to the treatment of children with psychological disorders, the study of psychological issues which relates to criminal cases, education etc". Nature verse Nurture Nowadays, it easily accepted that most aspects of a child's development are mostly a product of the interaction of both nature and nurture. ...read more.

Middle

Most family with adopted children share the same environment, however not the same genetic code. For example, if two parents have cystic fibrosis, it is more likely that the genes will be passed on to their child. The environment can have a great impact on a person's behaviour. Researchers have study that fears, through the experience of children can be learned. Some behaviours, if not learn from the environment will never have been developed. "In one study, a group of children were given vitamin and mineral supplements for eight months. They were given intelligence tests before and after the eight-month treatment. The result was improvements in scores as compared to another group whom were not given vitamin and mineral supplements ("Nature vs. Nurture", 2001). The results suggest that environment plays a role in the intellectual ability of people. It is not an unscientific increase to understand this will probably extend to physical abilities as well." Environmental influences in the behaviour of people come from another example of a study done to an infant of 11 moths. ...read more.

Conclusion

It principles are then generalised to a large group of people by making comparisons with norms of behaviour. For example surveys, observations and content study. The advantages of this approach are: * Very reliable * Very easy to generalise * Useful for predications and control of behaviour. E.g. selecting personnel, diagnosis and treatment of disorders. The weakness of this approach is that, generalisations may be too inaccurate the individual. For example in diagnosis of a disorder based on medical model's classification may not accurately help the individual to be aware of the disorder or ways to overcome the disorder. Continuity vs. Discontinuity Continuity focuses on whether the same explanation and discontinuity focuses on whether different explanation must be used over the time to explain the changes in people. The continuity approach highlights the quantitative changes while the discontinuity approach highlights quantities change, which is characterised by different task that an individual must accomplish before progressing to the next stage of development. For example, Freud theory of psychosexual development that children well organised move through oral, anal, phallic and latency stages before reaching the genital stage. http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/16572/the_childhood_development_nature_vs.html?cat=25 http://www.cliffsnotes.com/study_guide/Issues-in-Developmental-Psychology.topicArticleId-26831,articleId-26750.html ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 Applied Psychology Vanessa Addo Unit 29 BTEC National Diploma in Health and Social ...read more.

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