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Describe two factors that influence forgetting in short-term memory (STM).

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  • Essay length: 368 words
  • Submitted: 11/11/2005
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AS and A Level Cognitive Psychology

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Tom Lowe Psychology homework - 21/10/05

(a) Describe two factors that influence forgetting in short-term memory (STM).

One of the factors that influence forgetting is because the information no longer exists in memory, and is therefore no longer available for recall. The second influencing factor of forgetting in short term memory is that the material cannot be found, and can therefore not be recalled, this is known as 'Cue Dependent forgetting'.

(b) Describe the procedures and findings of one study that has investigated the capacity of memory.

Jacobs (1887) aimed to investigate the capacity of memory. To do this he presented his participants with a random sequence of digits or letters, and he then asked the participants to repeat the items back in the order that they were read.

Jacobs found that the average number of items that were correctly recalled was between five and nine, and he also found that digits were recalled better than letters. He also found that the number of correctly recalled items increased with age.

(c) Outline the finding(s) of one study of flashbulb memories and give one criticism of this

One study aiming to investigate

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