Describe two factors that influence forgetting in short-term memory (STM).
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Tom Lowe Psychology homework - 21/10/05 (a) Describe two factors that influence forgetting in short-term memory (STM). One of the factors that influence forgetting is because the information no longer exists in memory, and is therefore no longer available for recall. The second influencing factor of forgetting in short term memory is that the material cannot be found, and can therefore not be recalled, this is known as 'Cue Dependent forgetting'.
Jacobs found that the average number of items that were correctly recalled was between five and nine, and he also found that digits were recalled better than letters. He also found that the number of correctly recalled items increased with age. (c) Outline the finding(s) of one study of flashbulb memories and give one criticism of this One study aiming to investigate 'Flashbulb memories' was Conway et al.
(d) According to Freud (1915) "repression lies simply in the function of rejecting and keeping something out of consciousness." - Consider the extent to which research into the process of repression enables us to explain forgetting. Repression is another reason for not being able to retrieve a memory, the memory that is being repressed is likely to be emotionally threatening to that individual. Repression therefore cannot really be linked greatly to forgetting, because the memory has not been forgotten, it has been repressed.
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