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Different theories on how we learn and what affects our learning. Four of these famous theories are the reinforcement theory, a humanist approach, experimental learning and a Cognitive- Gestalt approach. In this task I am going to explore three of these

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Introduction

Unit 6+17- Learning Theories In this task I am going to explore the factors that can influence the way people learn. Learning is a difficult word to give a definition to as it can be used in many different contexts. However, most people take the word 'learning' to mean acquiring new knowledge or skills. Some types of learning can result in a permanent change in behaviour or cause us to act in a certain way. In this task I am going to explore some theories on why this happens. There are many different theories on how we learn and what affects our learning. Four of these famous theories are the reinforcement theory, a humanist approach, experimental learning and a Cognitive- Gestalt approach. In this task I am going to explore three of these theories in some detail, these theories are the reinforcement theory, the humanist approach and experimental learning. The reinforcement theory, also known as behaviourism, is largely based on the work of Skinner and Ivan Pavlov, who were two scientists well known for their studies and work in animal behaviour. Behaviourists believe that environment is essential in shaping behaviour. ...read more.

Middle

Once our physical needs are taken care of we can concentrate on our safety and security needs, which involves our basic needs of feeling safe and secure. The third stage of Maslow's triangle is love and belonging needs, this is important as we all feel the need for affection without love and affection we are often subject to loneliness and social anxieties. Once we have the first three stages of Maslows triangle covered we can move up to the forth level of the triangle, which is, our esteem needs. Maslow has two noted two versions of esteem, which are a lower, and a higher one; the lower one involves the need for respect towards others, the need of status, fame and dignity. The higher form of esteem is one involving self- respect, including feelings such as confidence, achievement and freedom. The final stage of Maslow's triangle is self- actualisation and once you have this covered Maslow believes that you will be leading a happy, healthy life. Another famous learning theory is experimental learning. ...read more.

Conclusion

Internal factors are things such as hunger and thirst. These factors can have a positive or a negative effect on our learning. Positive influences can include things such as a calm, peaceful atmosphere, however, negative influences such as hunger can cause a great lack of concentration so we do not learn to the best of our ability. In conclusion, I believe that all learning theories have a good theory behind them and all of them work, depending on the type of situation you are in. I believe that Maslow's learning theory has worked best for me in the past as I strongly believe that you have to have all the pieces of the triangle in place to give your best. I also feel I know the reinforcement theory quite well as this type of learning was used through my school years. During the next two years we will be focusing on the experimental learning theory in order to get the most out of our work experience, as I stated earlier, it is best used in reflective practice. I don't feel I've used this type of learning as perhaps I have done the others and look forward to trying it. ?? ?? ?? ?? Kirsty Metcalfe 09/05/2007 1 ...read more.

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