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Discuss and analyse the planning applicable to the curriculum for Foundation Stage.

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Introduction

BA (Hons) Early Years Education X310 Module: Curriculum Studies EY128 ID 40012433 Discuss and analyse the planning applicable to the curriculum for Foundation Stage. The Foundation Stage was introduced by the government in England in 2000, to provide guidance for settings which provide care and education to pre-school children (aged 3 to 5). It was named the Foundation Stage because "..it lays the foundations for children's later learning." (Neaum and Tallack, 2002:8). The aims for this curriculum are to ensure that all settings such as nurseries and schools, which receive government funding, are helping children progress in their learning and development. The aim is that this should be achieved through planning activities and experiences (QCA Curriculum guidance for the foundation stage, 2000). The Foundation Stage is an area of great importance and interest. It evolved from the Rumbold Report of 1990, which investigated the educational provision for the under 5's, and found that there was a patchy, unplanned curriculum which was unsatisfactory. The Foundation Stage was then established as an attempt to "..provide a developmentally appropriate curriculum for 3 to 5 year olds.." (Hallet and MacLeod-Brudenell, 2004:247). This has been the first time that educating children of this age has been recognised as a separate phase of learning within education. ...read more.

Middle

making relationships, self care, confidence and self esteem, behaviour and self control and a sense of community (QCA Curriculum guidance for the foundation stage, 2000). The next area set out is Communication, Language and Literacy which is aimed to encourage children to become competent in a number of skills, for which they need to be given the "..confidence, opportunity, encouragement, support and disposition to use them." (QCA curriculum guidance for the foundation stage, 2000:44). The goals in this area aim to enable children to communicate in a number of different ways and situations. The Early Learning Goals for Communication, Language and Literacy include; language and communication, language for thinking, linking sounds and letters, reading, writing and handwriting (QCA Curriculum guidance for the foundation stage, 2000). Mathematical Development is aimed to encourage children to solve problems, counting and sorting out numbers, adding and subtracting, multiplying and dividing. By the end of the Foundation Stage, children should be able to say and use number names in order in familiar contexts, count reliably up to ten everyday objects, recognise numerals 1-9, and in practical activities and discussion, begin to use the vocabulary involved in adding and subtracting. Included in the Early Learning Goals for Mathematical Development are; numbers as labels and counting, calculating, shape, space and measure (QCA Curriculum guidance for the foundation stage, 2000). ...read more.

Conclusion

The majority of play is planned and largely adult led. It is in some cases felt that this needs to be revised in order for more child-led free flow play to take place (Hallet and MacLeod-Brudenell, 2004). However play is recognised in the curriculum, and it emphasises the important role it can have in a child's development. It states play "..is a key way, in which children learn with enjoyment and challenge. "(QCA Curriculum guidance for the foundation stage, 2000:25). This curriculum has been welcomed by practitioners, but the government could still it seems plan this area of the national curriculum further as there still seems to be discrepancies. However, the implementation of this curriculum, has brought about the recognition of this area becoming specialised. It also reflects the importance to recognise the diverse needs of children as many will have had very different experiences before attending a setting, and this is taken into account. It provides clear guidelines to follow and can be used by all relevant settings. On a final note it should be remembered that children are not legally required to attend a setting until compulsory school age, which is at the beginning of the summer term after a child's 5th birthday. Children do however very often start in a reception class before this age, and many have attended some sort of setting, and the Foundation Stage provides some continuity for this. ...read more.

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