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Discuss Ducks' Model of Breakdown in Relationships

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´╗┐Ducks four stage model sees breakdown as a process rather than a single event. Duck proposed factors which can cause a break down to occur. These include, the lack of skills like poor interpersonal skills and lack of stimulation which could consequently lead to boredom or feeling the relationship is not progressing. The stages of breakdown in Ducks model are Intrapsyhic. This is when someone id having social withdrawal and feels they are being under benefited. Next is Dyadic which is when the partners discuss the problems and try to resolve the issues. If they can?t then it will progress to the next stage. Then the social stage takes place. The breakdown is announced to the public like family and friends. Grave-dressing is the final stage. A view of the relationship is established for why it happened with each person having a different story. During this stage, rebuilding of self-esteem for future relationships occurs. ...read more.


However, this model is very reductionistic. Breakdown is a complex situation and cannot occur in just four simple stages. Therefore, Rollie and Duck later refined the model adding further aspects and explanation to breakdown of relationships. This new model contains the four stages in the previous but with an added two processes. This model focuses on the processes of breakdown instead of distinct stages like the previous model. The first stage in which they suggest occurs through breakdown is he breakdown stage. During the stage, someone starts to consider the relationship should finish. This then passes through the four stages in the previous model, Intrapsychic processes, Dyadic processes, social processes and grave-dressing processes. The final stage is the resurrection processes. In this stage each partner prepares for new relationships by learning from the mistakes of the prior relationship. A strength of this model is it has an advantage over the previous stage model. ...read more.


Relationships can be affected by culture such as those where arranged marriages occur. In these cultures, separation and divorce are very unlikely and would therefore affect their breakdown. Therefore, these models cannot explain relationship breakdown as a whole. In addition, the models have been developed on experiences of heterosexual individuals and therefore cannot explain experiences from homosexual individuals and limits the models explanations. Moreover, they are deterministic as it suggests they all breakdowns must occur in these stages or processes. It fails to consider free will and how some people will not go through every stage and therefore once again doesn?t explain every single relationship. Lastly, although Rollie and Duck refined the four stage model, the updated model is still reductionistic as it is putting the whole of breakdown into six stages in which isn?t realistic. In conclusion, the models provide a valuable explanation to why breakdown occurs and has real life application to counselling those going through a breakdown. But, they fail to consider all relationships and therefore there must be other factors that may occur during breakdown and this model cannot solely explain breakdown. ...read more.

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