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Discuss Gestals psychology contribution to our understanding of perseption, including the figure-ground relashionship and principles of persceptual grouping in form perception.

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Introduction

Discuss Gestals psychology contribution to our understanding of perseption, including the figure-ground relashionship and principles of persceptual grouping in form perception. Lorena Yeves Di Carlo Gestalt psychology began as a reaction to the behaviorism of Watson and the introspectionism of Titchner. Gestalt's argument with behaviorism was the focus on systematic collection and analysis of data from the bottom up; investigating the elements individually without an appreciation for their importance as a whole that was greater than the sum of their parts. This concept, of an integrated whole, is described by the German word Gestalt, for which there is no English equivalent. Gestalt psychologists apply this concept to relationships between people, citing the group dynamic of a common enterprise where each individual puts forth his gifts to create something more meaningful than each member could individually. An early influence on Gestalt psychology was the philosopher (RealAudio or Wav File), Immanuel Kant. ...read more.

Middle

This is known as the Gestalt law of Minimum Principle: ..."we do not perceive what is actually in the external world so much as we tend to organize our experience so that it is as simple as possible...simplicity is a principle that guides our perception and may even override the effects of previous experience." (Benjafield, p. 173). Explaining apparent motion in this way marked the beginning of Gestalt psychology as a separate school of thought. Gestalt psychology can be understood by experiencing the Gestalt Laws of Organization, which describe the ways we organize our experiences in a simple and coherent way. These laws are: ? Proximity: We tend to group things together that are close together in space. ? Similarity: We tend to group things together that are similar ? Good Continuation: We tend to perceive things in good form ? ...read more.

Conclusion

In another experiment, Kohler observed chickens trained to peck at a gray board when it was presented with a black board, transferred this learning by pecking at a white board when it was presented with a gray board. Instead of the chickens only learning a single task, they learned to associate the reward (corn) with the board that was lighter, showing that they understood the relationship between the stimuli. This is known as transposition, and is applied to humans, as in the generalization of knowledge from one situation to another. Kohler also developed the concept of isomorphism: that changes in the brain structure yield changes in our experiences. Originally, Kohler believed that these changes were a one-to-one match. Although this idea was later disproved, the idea remained that the brain is a dynamic system. Gestalt's approach to ethics consisted of a philosophy of truth on being truth when it is complete and corresponds fully to the facts of the situation. With the Gestalt approach, there would be no mistrials based on technicalities or semantics. ...read more.

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