• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Discuss the affect of early attachment on adult relationships.

Extracts from this document...


Discuss the affect of early attachment on adult relationships (24 marks) Shaver et al suggested that what is experienced as romantic love in adult relationships is based on attachment behaviour learnt at infancy. Bowlby's theory of childhood attachment is the basis of this idea, with how the primary attachment figures and child interacts creating the internal working model. Bowlby suggested that this schema of the expectations of relationships has continuity into adulthood, establishing attachment type of the adult and how they experience love. In support of this, Haven and Shaver submitted a love quiz into a local newspaper asking questions of adult relationship experience and adjectives describing parental relationships. ...read more.


Self report methods aren't a scientific method for drawing conclusions on cause and affect, with demand characteristics being an issue for the validity of results. The participants may have given socially desirable responses or even have guessed the aim of the experiment. Also, memory can be affected through retrieval, meaning it can become distorted to how participants now feel about their parents and not their childhood experiences, reducing accuracy of results. The research cannot be generalised due to the local sample being used, only collecting the data from those who read the local newspaper and filled in the quiz. ...read more.


In relation to this Hamilton found that a child can be change from being secure to insecure in attachment type after a major life event, for example if a loved one dies. From this it can be suggested that a comparison with early life is harder because of life events and other variables which affect attachment type, such as peer relations. The early attachment theory has also been criticised for being deterministic, suggesting that first attachment determines all future attachments and relationship types, however Hamilton challenges this idea by suggesting people's life experiences and later relationships also play a role in romantic love. Therefore it can be suggested that the diathesis stress model can be used in explaining this, with both early and later relationships and experiences being relevant to romantic relationships. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Developmental Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

3 star(s)

Quite brief but reasonable attempt to use two research papers to evaluate how early attachment styles may influence adult relationships. The introduction needs to put the essay in its context with more on Bowlby and limitations and advantages of his theory and then use the research. 3*

Marked by teacher Stephanie Duckworth 20/05/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Developmental Psychology essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    What makes a successful Early Years Practitioner?

    4 star(s)

    Children and parents would not have the confidence in the setting if the practitioner were regularly late. While working with children days can be quite varied for example a field trip may be planned or a concert. Parents may drop in unexpectedly which means the practitioner must be adaptable.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Dibs In Search of Self:Book Report

    4 star(s)

    Dibs Stay." His parents are well-educated, professional and wealthy. However, he is frequently locked in his room because his behavior is often contentious and perverse, which is the cause of much frustration and at times is an embarrassment for his parents. They reach a stage of at-a-loss and disappointment that they begin to subject him to rejection that no child should ever feel from their parents.

  1. Marked by a teacher

    The five major perspectives in Psychology and their main strengths and weaknesses.

    3 star(s)

    The humanistic approach has shown the great need to study the consciousness and human experience to enable to see the subject as a whole. It serves as a criticism against the earlier approaches. The Maslow triangle is used today as a tool to show and recognise our needs, especially as part of therapy.

  2. Describe processes for initiating, maintaining, developing and concluding a counselling relation.

    Their mission is to advocate for abused women and children and to ensure their safety through protection, prevention and provision. Women and children have a right to live their lives free from all forms of violence and abuse, and society has a duty to recognise and defend this right.

  1. Factors that Affect Growth and Development.

    Finally, in the formal operational stage, ages 12 to 15, the child begins to reason logically and systematically. Erik Erikson (1902-1994) Erikson was a student of Freud and there are a lot of similarities between their theories. Erikson accepted Freud's stages of psychosexual development and built on them, but also considered that the social environment e.g.

  2. The Nature of Groups & Group Behaviour

    to a group may lead to dissatisfaction immediately, and individuals may become marginalised * Groups may compete against each other in a non productive manner * Members may spend too much time enjoying being part of a group and not working * Larger groups can develop communication problems and can

  1. Describe and Evaluate Bowlby's and Ainsworth's ideas about parent-child relationships.

    3 minutes or less. First separation episode. Stranger's behaviour is geared to that of baby. 5cofb Mother and Baby 3 minutes or more First reunion episode. Mother greets and comforts baby then tries to settle him again in play. Mother then leaves saying 'bye bye' 6 Baby alonecode der 3 minutes or lesscoea Second separation episode 7.

  2. The Inclusion of Children with SEN in the Early Years

    Attitudes should be those of acceptance if inclusion is to work. Jenkinson would concur stating, "Positive attitudes, reflected in a commitment to encouraging the progress of students with disabilities in the mainstream, are essential." (p.29) However, teachers may feel threatened by having to deal with a child with SEN, particularly

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work