• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Discuss the biosocial approach to gender development

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Transfer-Encoding: chunked ´╗┐Discuss the biosocial approach to gender development (8+16 marks) AO1: According the psychologists as Money, gender caused by both biological and social factors, for example although genetics influence gender in ways such as aggression in boys, social factors such as social expectations can also effect gender. From this statement Money and Erhart developed a biosocial theory that states that when a new baby is born, the new baby is given a label due to their sex i.e. a baby boy is labelled as male. And due to this label being given the child is perceived and treated in a certain way by adults, e.g. a baby given a boy label will be perceived as more aggressive and treated in a masculine way and a baby given a girl label will be perceived as more delicate and treated in a feminine way. ...read more.

Middle

This matters because although it supports the theory, the results found may lack validity. This suggests that more research must be carried out in order to support the biosocial theory of gender development. Furthermore a conducting study was carried out by Reiner and Gehrhart who found when researching 14 biological males who born without fully developed male genitals so therefore were raised as females, still showed male tendencies and by the age of 16 over half of the boys had made the decision to being male again. This contradicts Money?s theory of gender development and the previous research he found as it provides evidence of biological factors overriding social and environmental factors. However when comparing this study to Money?s research and theory we must be cautious as Reiner and Gehrhart?s only researched a small sample size, meaning that the results found cannot be generalised to a wider population as we cannot be sure that the results found aren?t due to the individual differences or genetics. ...read more.

Conclusion

However although this study supports Money?s theory , the study lacks ecological validity as it isn?t a true representation of a situation by which labels can be used to effect gender development. Also the study only uses participants that are adults, therefore the results found many not be able to be generalised to a wider population of the elderly or children. This suggests that more research must be carried out in order to fully support the biosocial approach to gender development. In conclusion, although the biosocial approach of gender development takes into consideration both biological and social factors, research on the theory has been quite contradicting. For example Condry and Condry found evidence supporting the theory however case studies such as Bruce Remier contradict the research found. This suggests that Money?s theory considering all the research found should be revised in order to explain different situations of gender and provide an adequate explanation of gender development. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Developmental Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Developmental Psychology essays

  1. Do playgroups encourage gender stereotypes?

    that they would probably stick with that 'role' as they grow up. This is especially so as the source says that a child of tree years old usually learns what sex they are and that males and females are different physically, and would therefore be able to learn what the stereotypical role for each gender would be.

  2. Outline the Biosocial Explanation of Gender Development.

    parents- they may grow up to be violent and fight a lot because they may think that it is normal to fight since they were encouraged by their parents to fight when they were young. A study carried out by Smith and Lloyd (1978)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work