• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Discuss the research into breakdown of relationships (24 marks)

Extracts from this document...


Transfer-Encoding: chunked ´╗┐Discuss research into the breakdown of relationships (8+16) Rollie and Duck later refined their previous model adding further aspects and explanation to breakdown of relationships. The first stage is the breakdown stage. Next is are Intrapsyhic. This is when someone id having social withdrawal and feels they are being under benefited. Next is Dyadic which is when the partners discuss the problems and try to resolve the issues. If they can?t then it will progress to the next stage. Then the social stage takes place. The breakdown is announced to the public like family and friends. Next is Grave-dressing which is when a reason is established for why it happened with each person having a different story. The final stage is the resurrection processes. In this stage each partner prepares for new relationships by learning from the mistakes of the prior relationship. ...read more.


This suggests that this model ignores individual differences such as this one. Rollie and Ducks model is deterministic for being a linear stage model. They suggest that everything has to happen in the order of their model. However, this isn?t the case for all breakups, sometimes they will skip some stages within the model and therefore a more diverse model is needed. Therefore, Lee presented a 5-stage model for the breakdown of relationships which is nonlinear. The stages include disinfection, exposure, negotiation, attempts to resolve and finally termination. He found that couples who stages took a longer period of time, reported greater loneliness following their breakup. Lee?s model benefits from flexibility in its approach as it is nonlinear, and he reported that often couples might jump straight from disaffection to termination, depending on the circumstances. ...read more.


Alike, both models suffer from heterosexual bias. The models have been developed on experiences of heterosexual individuals and therefore cannot explain experiences from homosexual individuals and limits the models explanations. However, both models can be used to prevent the breakdown of relationships. It may be possible to intervene before the breakdown progresses and suggest an appropriate intervention. For example, encourage individuals to consider the positives of the relationship if they are in the intrapsychic phase of Ducks model. Lastly, although Lee?s model is not linear unlike Ducks model, both are still stage models. Stage models bring a complex issue into a few simple stages. Therefore, both models suffer from reductionism and a more holistic view is needed. In conclusion, the models provide a valuable explanation to why breakdown occurs and has real life application to counselling those going through a breakdown. But, they fail to consider all relationships and therefore there must be other factors that may occur during breakdown and this model cannot solely explain breakdown. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Social Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Social Psychology essays

  1. Outline one model of relationship breakdown. Evaluate this and one other approach/theory Stephanie ...

    Although they reported feelings of guilt and unhappiness, they had fewer negating symptoms compared to those who were less responsible for the break-up of the relationship. Individual Difference. Good. A limitation of most of the models of relationship breakdown is that they have been developed from the experiences of white, middle-class, heterosexual participants.

  2. Sexual dysfunctions are dyadic phenomena. Discuss.

    They introduced the "sensate focus" technique, i.e. various behaviour exercises, in order to "fix" sexual pleasure without anxiety. "Sensate focus" a trade mark of sex therapy focused on the symptoms, making people to bring sensations into focus. The individualistic approach of the first generation sex therapists, positions the individual as

  1. Discuss Ducks' Model of Breakdown in Relationships

    Stage models reduces breakdown to basic and universal components. Rollie and Ducks model offers a more realistic description of how these processes develop in real life and is more useful than previous models. It also provides a positive viewpoint to breakdown.

  2. Discuss research into the nature of relationships in different cultures. (24 marks)

    Furthermore, the scale used for this was developed in the USA. It?s devised for American Individualists and therefore there is an element of cultural bias as measuring tools that have been developed in one culture cannot always be applied to relationships in another culture.

  1. Discuss research into the breakdown of romantic relationships (24 marks)

    It offers a plausible explanation for the maintenance of relationships because it helps us understand that if an individual is too selfish and maximises the rewards too much, then their partner will become unhappy which will lead to the breakdown of the relationship.

  2. Theories on the maintenance and breakdown of relationships

    25% of the women felt under benefited and a year later they were the least satisfied. This study supports the equity theory because it suggests that equity may be important in determining whether or not a couple will stay together in a relationship.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work