• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Discuss the use of one or more psychological treatments of abnormality (12 marks)

Extracts from this document...


Discuss the use of one or more psychological treatments of abnormality (12 marks) Systematic desensitisation is one form of behavioural therapy used to treat abnormality, with a particular focus on phobias. A phobia is an irrational fear that prevents an individual from living their life normally. It is a type of anxiety disorder. Behaviourists believe that abnormal behaviour develops through classical conditioning and operant conditioning. Classical conditioning is when a person develops a fear of something through association, as was seen in the study of Little Albert. ...read more.


The third and final stage requires the patient to start at the bottom of the fear hierarchy, working their way up to the top and imagine each scenario whilst practicing the relaxation techniques learnt in stage one. Often, for clients with phobias, imagining a scenario can be just as frightening as actually experiencing it. This technique will help them to overcome their fears and eventually, they will master the feared situation that caused them to seek help in the first place. ...read more.


Barlow 2002 showed that it was 60% effective in treating arachnophobia and 90% effective in treating blood phobias. However, Choy (2007) suggested that flooding can often be a more effective way of overcoming phobias than systematic desensitisation. Furthermore, the SD treatment makes no attempt to address deeper psychological issues i.e. where the fear comes from. By ignoring the root causes of the phobia and simply addressing the phobia itself, the client risks redeveloping the phobia. In addition to this, it is claimed that SD is only relevant to anxiety disorders and cannot be used to address other types of abnormalities, limiting its overall effectiveness as a treatment for abnormality. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Cognitive Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Cognitive Psychology essays

  1. Report on Psychological Research into Eyewitness Testimony

    The mood dependence is also stronger when the mood is positive than when the mood is negative.18 Witnesses are required to report every detail they can remember from the time of the crime, even if it does not seem related.

  2. Cognition & development How a human/child develops knowledge/understanding of everything.

    1. General Suggestions 2. Specific Verbal Instructions 3. Indicating Materials 4. Preparing for Assembly 5. Physical Demonstration * Wood & Middleton found that the mothers who used a variety of the techniques had the most successful children but only if they adjusted these according to the child's needs.

  1. Evaluate 3 Approaches to treating Mental Disorders: Psychodynamic, Biological and Behavioural Approach.

    granted that the obvious failure of Freudian therapy to significantly improve on spontaneous remission or placebo treatment is the clearest proof we have of the inadequacy of Freudian theory, closely followed by the success of alternative methods of treatment, such as behaviour therapy?.

  2. Discuss the Main Treatments for Schizophrenia

    The advantages of meta-analysis include more reliable conclusions to be drawn, studies often produce rather contradictory results, for example some studies may find no effects, and some studies may find small effects while other studies find a larger effect. Therefore a meta-analysis allows us to reach and overall conclusion.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work