• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Discuss two or more explanations for the success and/or failure of dieting

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

'Discuss two or more explanations for the success and/or failure of dieting' Restrained eating has become synonymous with dieting. Research suggests that as many as 89% of the female population in the UK consciously restraint heir food intake at some point in their lives. Restraint theory (Herman and Mack 1975) was developed as an attempt to explain both the causes and the consequences associated with the cognitive restriction of food intake. Herman and Mack suggest that attempting not to actually eat actually increases the chance of overeating. Their study showed that the overeating shown by many dieters is actually caused by their attempts to diet. Using the preload/taste-test method, Herman and Mack gave a group of dieters and a group of non-dieters either a high or low calorie preload. ...read more.

Middle

However, although the restraint theory proposes and association between food restriction and overeating, according to Ogden (2007) it does not explain as to why people who suffer from anorexia are able to starve themselves. Also, the restraint theory suggests that restraint leads to excess, yet the treatment for obesity often recommends restraint as a solution to the excessive weight gain. However, failed attempts to diet can leave the individual feeling depressed as they are unable to control their weight. Although obesity may not necessarily be the cause overeating, overeating may be a consequence of obesity if restraint is recommended as a treatment. The boundary model was developed by Herman and Polivy (1984). According to this model, hunger keeps intake of food above a certain minimum, and satiety works to keep intake below some maximum level. ...read more.

Conclusion

Wegner referred to this phenomenon as the 'theory of ironic processes of mental control. A decision to eat less or not to eat specific foods is central to the dieter's cognitive set and may set up a similar process of denial. Therefore as soon as food is denied, it simultaneously becomes forbidden and is, eventually, translated into eating. In conclusion, it is evident that although dieters often aim to lose weight by restricting their eating, this is not always achieved. The fact that overeating and also undereating can cause weight gain, can often be frustrating and off-putting for many people wishing to lose weight. Also it is possible that there due to the lack of weight loss in the first few days of the diet, motivation decreases, leaving the individual in a low mood and not wanting to continue with the diet. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Physiological Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

3 star(s)

Summary

This is a short, but concise essay.The writer has got the 'gist' of both models and explains them simply and clearly. There are plenty of good references with the main studies cited. The writer could mention a little more about the pressures to diet, the various diet fads on the market and social/cultural pressures to be a certain weight.

Some more detail could be added to improve the score and the introduction and the conclusion could be improved upon too.
.
Star rating 3*

Marked by teacher Linda Penn 08/10/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Physiological Psychology essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Biological Explanations for Eating Behaviour

    3 star(s)

    Evidence for this is Cummings et al 2004 they found that Ghrelin levels were highest when requesting a meal and fell immediately after eating.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Outline and evaluate psychological explanations of OCD

    3 star(s)

    This is an issue because any conclusions may not be appropriate to generalise to understand the causes of OCD, as the participants used do not reflect the behaviour of an individual who truly does have OCD, so the study lacks population validity, weakening the ability for the behavioural approach to make applications to others.

  1. Biological Explanations of Aggression

    Evidence to support neural explanations of aggression comes from Raleigh et al. They found that vervet monkies fed on a diet high in tryptophan (which increased serotonin levels) demonstrated lower levels of aggression than ose fed on a diet low in tryptophan.

  2. Stress can be explained as the stimulus in the environment that triggers a stress ...

    Lack of control - (influence over the type & amount of work) MARMOT et al (1997) - Lack of Control & Illness in the Workplace * 7000+ civil services employee, working in London were surveyed. Information about their grades of employment, how much control they felt they had, how much support they felt they had etc.

  1. Describe and evaluate what psychological research has shown us about stress and the immune ...

    This global immunosuppression spanned gender and age groups, eliminating the possibility of bias. Questionnaires on "Non-specific life events" were also analysed by Segerstrom and Miller who assessed the frequency and intensity of a range of life events, for instance, over the previous year.

  2. Biological Explanations Of Aggression

    It was found that if a mouse committed an aggressive act that the reward pathway was stimulated.

  1. Discuss two or more evolutionary explanations of food preferences (8+16 marks)

    A debate which arises within this theory is to whether or not food preference is down to evolution or is down to learn behavior.

  2. Describe & discuss how each psychological perspective explains smoking using empirical evidence to support ...

    learn through observation, also that the internal mental state are an essential part of this process. He also believed that just because something is learned, does not mean that it will result in a change in behaviour.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work