• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Discuss two or more psychological therapies for schizophrenia

Extracts from this document...


Schizophrenia - Psychotherapies 'Discuss two or more psychological therapies for schizophrenia (9 marks + 16).' As a scientifically proven cure for schizophrenia, medication is largely crucial for the treatment of schizophrenia, but unfortunately many people fail to uphold the medication, as its side-effects prove too distressing or they find that these symptoms outweigh that of the disorder. As such, many sufferers of schizophrenia turn to psychotherapies, of which there are two main type of therapy: CBT and psychoanalysis. Cognitive-Behavioural-Therapy CBT is largely founded in the cognitive approach to psychopathology, which arose in the 1950's. CBT assumes that the schizophrenia is a maladaptive behaviour, caused by beliefs that have been distorted, either by someone or something and delusions are often seen as caused by distorted interpretations of events. ...read more.


(1996), it was found that there had been a reduction in positive symptoms, as well as a 20-25% reduction in recovery time, whose CBT treatment had been combined with antipsychotics. Of course, lower drop-out rates were also recorded which could also be behind the more successful treatment. Studies generally support the CBT treatment, as evidenced by Gould et al., whose meta-analysis showed that CBT generally tends to work, but unfortunately, most CBT is done in combination with antipsychotics, which means that the recovery of the patients could just as well be owed to the medicine as it could the therapy or combination of the two. Psychodynamic Therapy: Psychoanalysis Psychoanalytical therapy builds on the idea and assumption that patients are often unaware of the conflicts that take place in their subconscious and how they affect their mental state. ...read more.


It's long been highly disputed whether or not this type of therapy actually works or if it's beneficial to patients who suffer from schizophrenia. The PORT (Patient Outcome Research Team - Schizophrenia) argued that it could well be harmful to people with schizophrenia and studies by such people like May (1968), found that antipsychotic medicine alone was more effective than combined with psychotherapy. Conversely, studies like VandenVos (1981) show the opposite and a study by Gottdiener (2000) who conducted a meta-analysis of 37 studies, found that it was actually an effective study. All in all, studies have been contradicted continuously, which leads to question whether the psychotherapy is worth the money, as it's generally quite expensive and long-term, and since patients from schizophrenia are often unemployed, it's questionable whether they could afford it. Niels Gade ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level The Psychology of Individual Differences section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level The Psychology of Individual Differences essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    Outline and evaluate two or more therapies used in the treatment of schizophrenia.

    5 star(s)

    These antipsychotics also act on the dopamine system but are thought to block serotonin receptors in the brain as well. They help by only temporarily occupying the dopamine receptors and then rapidly dissociating to allow normal dopamine transmission.

  2. Outline and Evaluate the Biological, Psychodynamic and Cognitive Explanations of Abnormality

    The psychodynamic approach is likely to be affected by cultural relativism more than the biological model, as the approach is not appropriate for all cultures, whereas the biological model is suitable for everyone. Not all cultures would consider talking therapy or ideas about the psyche to be at all accurate, whilst a greater majority (although not all)

  1. Describe two research studies into the causes of schizophrenia. Evaluate them in terms of ...

    occur more often in families with a schizophrenic member, than in families without a schizophrenic member. Bateson et al.'s claim that double binds typically occur in instances of intense mutual involvement between participants is supported in Blotchky et al.'s 1974 finding that conflicting messages tend be associated with extreme interpersonal closeness or distance, Bateson et al's (1969)

  2. Investigation to find out which gender is better at recognising faces

    The consent form will have details of the experiment and simple instructions. The participants have the free will to leave at any time of the experiment; they also have the right to remove their data from the results. In this experiment the participant are unaware they are being timed, so they will be fully debriefed after the experiment.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work