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Discuss two or more psychological therapies for schizophrenia

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Schizophrenia - Psychotherapies 'Discuss two or more psychological therapies for schizophrenia (9 marks + 16).' As a scientifically proven cure for schizophrenia, medication is largely crucial for the treatment of schizophrenia, but unfortunately many people fail to uphold the medication, as its side-effects prove too distressing or they find that these symptoms outweigh that of the disorder. As such, many sufferers of schizophrenia turn to psychotherapies, of which there are two main type of therapy: CBT and psychoanalysis. Cognitive-Behavioural-Therapy CBT is largely founded in the cognitive approach to psychopathology, which arose in the 1950's. CBT assumes that the schizophrenia is a maladaptive behaviour, caused by beliefs that have been distorted, either by someone or something and delusions are often seen as caused by distorted interpretations of events. ...read more.


(1996), it was found that there had been a reduction in positive symptoms, as well as a 20-25% reduction in recovery time, whose CBT treatment had been combined with antipsychotics. Of course, lower drop-out rates were also recorded which could also be behind the more successful treatment. Studies generally support the CBT treatment, as evidenced by Gould et al., whose meta-analysis showed that CBT generally tends to work, but unfortunately, most CBT is done in combination with antipsychotics, which means that the recovery of the patients could just as well be owed to the medicine as it could the therapy or combination of the two. Psychodynamic Therapy: Psychoanalysis Psychoanalytical therapy builds on the idea and assumption that patients are often unaware of the conflicts that take place in their subconscious and how they affect their mental state. ...read more.


It's long been highly disputed whether or not this type of therapy actually works or if it's beneficial to patients who suffer from schizophrenia. The PORT (Patient Outcome Research Team - Schizophrenia) argued that it could well be harmful to people with schizophrenia and studies by such people like May (1968), found that antipsychotic medicine alone was more effective than combined with psychotherapy. Conversely, studies like VandenVos (1981) show the opposite and a study by Gottdiener (2000) who conducted a meta-analysis of 37 studies, found that it was actually an effective study. All in all, studies have been contradicted continuously, which leads to question whether the psychotherapy is worth the money, as it's generally quite expensive and long-term, and since patients from schizophrenia are often unemployed, it's questionable whether they could afford it. Niels Gade ...read more.

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