• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Discuss two or more social psychological theories of aggression

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Transfer-Encoding: chunked ´╗┐Discuss two or more social psychological theories if aggression Social Learning Theory was proposed by Bandura and it suggest that children learn specifics of aggressive behaviour by observing others. The children learn about the consequences of the aggressive behaviour that they observe by vicarious reinforcement, from this the child develops an internal model of what conduct is considered appropriate and what is not. Bandura also claimed that for social learning to take place, the child must form mental representations of event in their social environment and develop expectations of rewards and punishments for certain outcomes. Bandura?s Bobo doll study supports how SLT can explain aggression. They showed children a video of a women being aggressive towards a Bobo doll. When children were placed in a room with the doll the children imitated the behaviour from the video showing that children had learnt the aggressive behaviour observed by adults. ...read more.

Middle

Similarly to Philips research, SLT supports the power of media leading to aggressive behaviour. Jamie Bulger was a young boy who was murdered by boys ages 10 and 11. The boys had watched Child?s Play 3 and wanted to imitate what they had seen in the film to Jamie Bulger which supports the idea that imitation within media is a cause of aggressive behaviour. Nevertheless, SLT cannot explain why aggression is more likely to occur when an individual has a concealed identity. Deindividuation theory explains that where people are part of a group, they lose personal identity and their inhibitions of violence reduce. This can be explained by normative social influence, which is when an individual conforms in order to gain acceptance from others and this caused people to unquestioningly follow group norms rather than personal norms. There has been a considerable amount of supporting evidence showing that being identifiable in a crowd can promote violence. ...read more.

Conclusion

Overall to simply suggest that the cause of aggression is due to the lowering of inhibitions is somewhat narrow. Postmes et al found that there is no consistent research to support the argument between reduced inhibitions and anti-social behaviour, but instead that behaviour change in groups has more to do with group norms than anything else, contradicting deindividuation theory. Social explanations to aggression are simplistic as it aims to explain complex human behaviour such as aggression by using simple models and suggests our behaviour is a product of mere stimulus and response. Therefore, it is deterministic as it doesn?t allow for external influences and ignores individual differences. It can also be criticised for being reductionistic as it doesn?t consider any other approaches such as biological factors. The biological approach suggests aggression can occur due to genetic predispositions such as the XYY genotype or testosterone. As a result, a multimodal approach may be a more appropriate and holistic way to explain aggression as it considers both psychological and biological factors affecting aggression. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Social Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Social Psychology essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Preventing and Reducing Crime

    3 star(s)

    at three basic body build: Sheldon's Somatotype Character Shape Picture Endomorph [viscerotonic] Relaxed, sociable, tolerant, comfort-loving, peaceful Plump, buxom, developed visceral structure Mesomorph [somatotonic] Active, assertive, vigorous, combative Muscular Ectomorph [cerebrotonic] Quiet, fragile, restrained, non-assertive, sensitive Lean, delicate, poor muscles Taken from http://wilderdom.com/personality/L6-1PersonalityTypes.html In conclusion, Sheldon believes that the study

  2. Two social psychological theories of aggression are the social learning theory and deindividuation. Both ...

    It ignores evidence which may suggest a biological or genetic component to human aggression (Miles and Carey (1997). The biological approach suggests hormones may take a role in aggression. PMS has been shown to be a reason for aggression, Flannagan, (2000)

  1. Outline two social psychological theories of aggression.

    that physical illnesses, such as epilepsy, are no longer classed as a "disease of the mind". However the reform which arose from the enactment of the Criminal Procedure Act 1991 has helped this issue as it is now unlikely that a defendant suffering from epilepsy or a similar condition who receives the special verdict will be given a hospital order.

  2. Pro and Anti Social Behaviour

    However, this is challenged by Anderson and Anderson (1984) who re-examined data from a number of field studies in the US and found that there was a linear relationship between heat and violent crime i.e. there was no decline in aggression at very high temperatures. Evaluation Baron and Bell's study found a curvilinear effect between temperature and aggression, which is predicted by the Negative Affect Escape theory.

  1. Outline and evaluate two social psychological theories of aggression. Two social psychological theories of ...

    Many studies have provided support for this theory in explaining aggression, for example a study by Bandura on nursery children who watched a video of aggressive behaviour on a bobo doll found that those who saw the adult rewarded for their aggressive behaviour were more aggressive than those who saw

  2. Outline and evaluate two or more social psychological theories of aggression.

    The role of anonymity in the research of deindividuation is sometimes unclear as researchers have often failed o distinguish between the effects of the anonymity of the victim, as opposed to the anonymity of those doing the aggressing. Another issue that needs to be addressed is whether the likelihood of

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work