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Disruption of Attachment

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Introduction

DISRUPTION OF ATTACHMENT Spitz & Wolf found a 100 'normal' children who were placed in institution, became severely depressed after a few months. Skeels and Dye found similar children performed poorly on intelligence tests. JANE, KATE, LUCY & THOMAS They were placed in a foster care home with the Robertsons for a few weeks. The Robertson's tried to: * Provide high emotional care * Devise similar routines to that of their normal home life * Organise regular visits from fathers (to maintain emotional links to home). Although, they sometimes showed signs of distress (Thomas refused cuddles) they slept well and when reunited with mother, they didn't reject her. Though they did show reluctance to leave foster mother, which shows they had formed emotional bonds. ...read more.

Middle

However, they could be said to have low validity - they were only case studies of a few children and it could be said that they have certain characteristics that separate them from the wider population (for example, the fact they were all from Britain and rural areas). It could be that other children would be used to separation and may not show such levels of distress. PHYSICAL V EMOTIONAL DISRUPTION Skeels and Dye transferred some of the infants (from the earlier study, who had performed poorly) to a home for mentally retarded adults and found that there IQ actually increased. This could be because the adults provided them with the emotional care they had been missing. A study was then conducted where he transferred orphanes to the home and kept some at the orphanage (the control group). ...read more.

Conclusion

REAL LIFE APPLICATION Hospitals nowadays allow friends and family to visit people in hospital. This is because of the work of Robertson. He showed the films to the doctors (in the 1950's) and they were outraged and in disbelief; they believed the children were happy (they had stopped visits from parents because they thought it upset them). In the 1950's only 25% of hospitals allowed visits and 12% prohibited altogether. INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES Barrett reviewed studies concerning deprivation and concluded if the child was securely attached they could deal with separation better than those who were insecurely attached. Bowlby looked at children who had TB and had to enter hospital for a prolonged stay. He then visited them when adults and found though some were maladjusted, they had an average IQ in comparison to the rest of the population. He concluded that children probably had secure attachments, making them stronger (resilient). ...read more.

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