• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Disruption of attachment. Bowlbys MDH has suggested that attachment is essential for healthy social and emotional development. It therefore follows that disruption of attachment might have negative effects on emotional and social development.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Disruption of attachment Bowlby's maternal deprivation hypothesis Bowlby's MDH has suggested that attachment is essential for healthy social and emotional development. It therefore follows that disruption of attachment might have negative effects on emotional and social development. This disruption may occur when an infant is separated from their attachment figure. Continuity The hypothesis focuses on the importance of continuous relationships between child and mother. Discontinuous relationships become unstable and less predictable, which disrupts the development of the relationship. Continuity before and beyond critical period Development must occur in the critical period. If a child experiences too many separations before the age of 2 1/2 years it's likely that the child will become emotionally disturbed. Key study - a study of 44 juvenile thieves Bowlby (1944) Aim To see whether frequent early separations were associated with a risk of behavioural disorders, in particular, affectionless psychopathy. ...read more.

Middle

The data on separation were collected retrospectively so it might not be reliable. Parents may not accurately recall separation. They may have over/under estimated the frequency. Separation In the 1930s and 1940s psychologists studied children who had experienced prolonged separations from their families. They observed that these children were often disturbed and lacking in intelligence. Effects of physical separation * Spitz and wolf (1946) observed 100 normal children placed in an institution become severely depressed within a few months * Skeels and dye (1939) found similar children scored poorly on intelligence tests * These effects were quite a surprise because before these studies no one really thought about the effects of separation on infants and children * It was assumed that a good standard of physical care was all that would be required when infants and children were separated from attachment figures. Components of distress Bowlby (1969) ...read more.

Conclusion

John became withdrawn and when his mother came back he pushed her away and had outbursts of anger towards her. Jane: 17 months - 10 days in foster care Jane spent 10 days in foster care, in the Robertson's home. Food and routine was kept similar to her home routine, her father visited every day and foster mother was fully available. The first few days she showed signs of separation anxiety by being impatient and not wanting to be held but she slept and ate well and warmed to the family. Jane's reunion with her mother was easy. They concluded that short term separation had serious effects on john with possible permanent damage to his mother. They found child's ability to cope with separation if effected by age, level of maturity, parent-child relationship and quality of substitute care. Effects of separation are minimalized if a child is introduced to the new environment before separation and that the child's routine is kept similar to the one at home. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Developmental Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Developmental Psychology essays

  1. Physical, Social and Emotional Development of Children.

    involve the use of the whole limb for example hopping on one leg or as a child, kicks a ball, which also involves co-ordination. * Locomotive skills, which are movements, needed to travel e.g. crawling, walking, running and jumping. Running games also develop a child's locomotive develop, such as what's the time Mr Wolf?

  2. define attachment and criticise Bowlby's theory of maternal deprivation

    Schaffer and Emerson (1998) found that some infants became more strongly attached to their caregiver, and this can be shown by the extent of their distress upon separation from them. Ainsworth and Bell (1970) devised a laboratory set observation to classify the different kinds of attachment.

  1. Outline and evaluate Bowlby's maternal deprivation hypothesis.

    Some coped very well and it was found that these children had experienced separation before. Mostly staying at friends or relatives. Institutions can provide very high quality care in place of a mother as an attachment figure. An example of this is the Hampstead nursery run be Anna Freud (1942-44), where affection, stability and involvement were encouraged.

  2. Evaluate the contribution of John Bowlby to the development of the theory of attachment.

    Furthermore, he goes on to say that parents should follow their impulses and respond to these gestures naturally and allow the child to pursue their own interests with the knowledge of a secure base for them to return. A possible problem arises with this idealistic approach: individual differences.

  1. Outline the development of attachment

    There are many recognized theories of attachment, each outlining in many different ways exactly why a child will become attached to a certain adult. I am going to outline two of these explanations in more detail. Cupboard Love Theory - Sigmund Freud Incorporating the psychoanalytic and behaviourist explanations.

  2. Task1 Counselling 1aPhysical signs and symptoms of stress

    to the mind than met the eye, much like an iceberg - only the very tip showing. The psychodynamic theory also established the idea that what happens in a person's childhood is one of the most important factors in personality development, especially traumatic experiences.

  1. What causes crime?

    Evaluating Cornish and Clark's Theory There have been several other studies that support the idea of rationalising, for example, Rettig (1966), Feldman (1977) and Bennet and Wright (1984). Although research supports RCT there are a couple of considerations: Firstly, research that involves convicted criminals may suggest that the theory only

  2. Outline and evaluate the effects of disruption of attachment

    However in evaluation there are some issues with the study. Firstly, it is impossible to establish a cause and effect link between maternal deprivation and emotional maladjustment. We can only say there is a link, as it is not proven that maternal deprivation is manipulated by just one variable.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work