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Distinguishing abnormal from normal thought and behaviour

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Introduction

Table of Contents Describe how psychologists and psychiatrists have attempted to distinguish abnormal from normal thought and behaviour. Part of this must include description of how current diagnosis and classification is undertaken. In addition ensure that you include arguments for why these procedures are used. 2-4 References 5 Describe how psychologists and psychiatrists have attempted to distinguish abnormal from normal thought and behaviour. Part of this must include description of how current diagnosis and classification is undertaken. In addition ensure that you include arguments for why these procedures are used. In psychology Abnormal Behavior can be defined as deviating from the norm. This is where statistically common behavior is normal while statistically rare behavior is abnormal. The following criterion are used to determine whether a persons behavior in normal or not. * Deviation from statistical norms - Many of the population fall within the average range of intelligence, height, and weight. ...read more.

Middle

The reality is that their judgments about how the individual behaves will always be affected by social norms. Marie Jahoda used a different approach to understanding normal and abnormal. Jahoda said that we can approach mental illness the same way as we do with health issues like blood pressure, temperature and energy levels. She suggested that we are abnormal when we fail to meet the criteria for good mental health such as: * Healthy self attitudes and Self esteem * Personal Growth * Integration and the ability to cope with stress * Autonomy or independence * Accurate perception of reality * Environmental mastery (manage relationships, work, leisure and adapt to changing circumstances) This theory still plays an important role in modern clinical practice and is perhaps most helpful when assessing patients for therapy. Jahoda's criterion tends to be for issues which people seek help rather than have it imposed on them. ...read more.

Conclusion

For example in 1882 the Statistical Committee of the Royal Medico-Psychological Association produced a scheme which was revised several times but never adopted by its members. Also in Paris in 1889 the Congress of Mental science adopted a single classification system which was also never used because again consistency was lacking. More recent efforts at achieving unity and refining classification have not been very successful either. The world Health Organisation attempted to classify disorders in a way in which would be widely accepted several times. But these efforts did not really start to improve until 1968 and 1969 when both the WHO and the American Psychiatric Association Published the ICD and the Diagnostic and Statistical manual. The ICD is revised periodically and is currently in its tenth edition, while the DSM is in its fifth. They are both gradually including more and more disorders by developing alongside each other and using the same diagnostic codes. This has provided a lot more consistency than any other previous guides. ...read more.

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