• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Do These Sources And The Site At Quarry Bank Mill Fully Explain What Working Conditions Were Like For Children In Textile Mill

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Do These Sources And The Site At Quarry Bank Mill Fully Explain What Working Conditions Were Like For Children In Textile Mills, Such As The One At Quarry Bank, In The Late Eighteenth And Early Nineteenth Centuries? After thorough investigation into 5 sources referring to the working conditions for children in factories during the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, we now have the opportunity to bind all the facts together and create a detailed account. However, there are still questions over the reliability of some of the sources, so further research and comparisons with other mills need to be made. Making comparisons will also indicate the typicality of Styal. Hopefully, by the end of this essay I will be able to prioritise the best way of finding out about the treatment of children in textile mills. The first source we examined was an eyewitness account of a visit to Quarry Bank Mill. This source was taken from Frederick Engles, 'The Condition of The Working Class' 1845. Engles was a writer and campaigner for the rights of the labouring classes. He also didn't support the way the Samuel Greg worked. Frederick Engles worked with the founder of Communism and Socialism, Carl Marx. He hated the way poor people were treated and educated. He believed that society was unfair. This therefore means that this source is very biased, unbalanced and one-sided. The source refers to things that are hard to recreate, such as the "...lofty airy rooms," which suggests that they must have existed. It also says that there were, "...healthy looking operatives", which you may think are hard to recreate. However, these could be new fit employees told to pretend they had been working at the mill for a long period of time so that the conditions seemed healthy. The writer of the piece also makes a point of saying, "...He", and also states that, "...But that the system makes slaves of the operatives, that the people hate the manufacturer, this they do not point out because he is present". ...read more.

Middle

Also, the quote about the cleanliness of the factory is only to be expected. Quarry Bank Mill was cleaner than most factories, though no mill could be spotless as a lot of excess cotton would still remain. Finally, the quote saying that some apprentices tried to escape, gives people the wrong impression of the mill. Apprentices didn't run away because they were mistreated for example, they just missed their family and friends. The contrasting points overcome the similarities. In the source we are told that, "...the apprentice children were as much his property as the machines they tended". However, Samuel Greg proves this statement doesn't apply to all mill owners as he educated his apprentices. "It was more economical to work one batch out than get another"; Greg thought the opposite. Samuel Greg believed that if he got a good batch of workers, trained them and kept them healthy that you would have a stable workforce. He also saw this to be more efficient as it would save spending money on replacements. It would also be hard to keep replacing them due to scarce labour. Pauline Gregg also describes factories to be, "dens of fever and vice", yet; Samuel Greg employed his own doctor so that his workers were healthy and he also separated boys and girls. Yet another contrasting point is the fact that Greg's mill made people stronger mentally and physically, although the source says that, "...with resultant depravity and degradation". Punishments were also described in very different ways. As far as we know, Samuel Greg believed in punishment of the mind, as this would keep children fit for work, but Pauline Greg tells us how one boy was hung by his wrists over moving machinery, so that he was compelled to hold his legs up to avoid mutilation. This source is secondary, meaning it was written much later. The author appears to be looking at it from a more distant viewpoint and is assessing it in a non-bias way. ...read more.

Conclusion

However again, this source may not be reliable as Cobbett was irradical and had extreme anti-factory views, causing me to believe that this evidence is overemotional and inaccurate. The second writer, Ure, leads us to believe that factories are lovely places to work. This source is more specific as he talks about Thomas Ashton's Mill in Hyde, Cheshire. Therefore maybe Ure genuinely thought that the mill deserved praise. However, like Baines, he saw mills as the future so maybe he exaggerated the good points. The Factory Commission gave us evidence from all sectors - paupers, children, parents, overseers and mill owners. Meaning we had a broad range of opinion. In total there were 89 witnesses, who met 43 times. In conclusion to this, some harrowing evidence of long hours, cruelty and discipline was unveiled. However, this evidence may have been rigged, as there was no evidence given under oath and no evidence to disprove that the witnesses were coached. As a group, the sources are unreliable so it is hard to determine a clear conclusion from the evidence. However, in my opinion, I think Samuel Greg did show some compassion in the way in which he treated his young employees as he did provide food, shelter and an education for them. Though, I feel that he could have done more with his money, like Robert Owen did, such as increase the syllabus of education. It is important that we compare Styal with other specific mills; otherwise we would be comparing it with the stereotypical idea of a mill which is danger, cruelty and filth. Comparing Styal with New Lanark and Cromford has shown that Samuel Greg is not the only one who chose to take a more human approach to the welfare of workers. Finally, I have realised that the best way to find out about the treatment of children in textile mills is to find out from the children themselves. However most of the children were illiterate or feared the consequences too much. Also, at the time, their priorities were not to tell the world. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Developmental Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Developmental Psychology essays

  1. Child Labour.

    younger siblings, or the child will go to work to provide for the family (Damodaran 3). Religious beliefs and ethnic prejudice are sometimes the cause of child labour. In some nations educated women are not accepted in traditional society. The lack of education causes child labour for girls (Child Labour: Issues, Causes and Interventions 7).

  2. MENTORSHIP ASSESSING

    Ausubel's approach of organizing and sequencing material was of particular use when planning the teaching session and in the preparation of pre-reading material for Rachel. Ausubel (1987) further advocates a method of expository teaching in order to enhance meaningful learning.

  1. Explain how children lived and worked in British textile mills and at Quarry Bank ...

    On a recent visit to Quarry Bank Mill, I experienced the noise of the machinery and the atmosphere. The illustration in Francis Trollope's book also suggests that the conditions in the mill were light as there were many windows in the illustration of the factory.

  2. Rationale - I have chosen to study the topic of physical discipline used on ...

    over 15 questionnaires I have found it difficult to separate all the different categories such as parents/non-parents etc. My opening question within my questionnaire asked the respondent if they agreed or disagreed with physical discipline used on young children. Graph 1.

  1. Do these sources, and the site at Quarry Bank Mill, fully explain what working ...

    When asked if he sends his children to the factories he says, "No, I would rather have them transported". Beatings, though lighter, were still common at Styal. Blincoe goes on to say, "I have seen the time when two hand-vices of a pound weight each have been screwed to my

  2. "Working conditions were terrible in 19th century Britain." Does the evidence support this view?

    To stand up for themselves and to try and improve their lives, workers in Preston went on strike for thirty-six weeks seeking a ten percent rise. To raise money, they made up songs which they then sold copies of. Weavers would supervise two to four looms at a time, the

  1. This curriculum plan is to be based on children aged between nought to two ...

    I would say that this activity is suitable for children aged between eighteen months and three years as the children in the class grasped the aspects of the activity well, the younger children could carry out the activity but done so with a lower level of understanding and took a

  2. I have decided to do my portfolio on Beaufort Park School, for several reasons. ...

    OFSTED will place the report on the Internet within at least 40 days after receiving it. After receiving the final report, schools have 40 days to produce an action plan, and then an extra 5 days to issue it to all parents of pupils attending that school.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work