• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Duck's model of relationship dissolution (1999) consists of four phases, each of which is initiated when a threshold is broken

Extracts from this document...


Duck's model of relationship dissolution (1999) consists of four phases, each of which is initiated when a threshold is broken. * The intrapsychic phase refers to the individual's private appraisal or evaluation of, or deliberation about, the relationship in terms of its quality and alternatives. * The dyadic phase begins when these thoughts become public. In the dyadic phase, partners shift back and forth from resolution to dissolution: a process of figuring out whether their problems can be solved by maintaining the relationship. * The social phase is when couples acknowledge the social repercussions for separating. ...read more.


Also, the individual begins to assess the negative aspects of being in the relationship, considers the costs of withdrawal, and assesses the positive aspects of being in another relationship. Duck uses the term intrapsychic because the processes are occurring only in the individual's mind and have not yet shown themselves in actual behaviour. The next threshold is when the individual considers himself or herself as being justified in withdrawing from the relationship. This leads to the dyadic phase, and involves the other partner. Here, the dissatisfied individual must decide whether to confront or avoid the partner. ...read more.


This state of the relationship is made public at least within the individual's own social network, and publicly negotiable face-saving/blame-placing stories and accounts of the relationship's breakdown may be given. Intervention teams such as family or very close friends may be called in to try to bring a reconciliation. Unless the intervention teams are successful, the next threshold is when the relationship's dissolution becomes inevitable. This leads to the final grave-dressing phase. In this, the partners attempt to get over the relationship's dissolution and engage in their own post-mortem about why the relationship dissolved, a version of events which is then given to family and friends. Each partner needs to emerge from the relationship with an intact reputation for future "relationship reliability" purposes. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Social Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

3 star(s)


The is a good piece of work describing Duck's model concisely. It needs to add an introduction as well as a brief conclusion. This is missing from this writing hence the lower score. However, the essay could easily be improved with more details about the stages.


Marked by teacher Linda Penn 05/09/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Social Psychology essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    The effect of the Level of Processing on the amount of information recalled

    4 star(s)

    Examples of participants answers may be found in appendix 6. Discussion: The study found that words recalled by processing of their meaning were recalled more frequently than words recalled processed by their appearance. The mean number of words recalled semantically was 6.18, in contrast to 2.92 of structural.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    What are ideal types? How useful are they in helping us to understand contemporary ...

    Webers approach to social investigation is similar to the historical method in that he saw the individual as the primary target of investigation as only seeking to find the meaning behind individual action is worthwhile. However, Weber as critical of the historians use of intuition to empathise with the actors outlook.

  1. "Anti-Social Behaviour is caused by a person's family background"

    This would have provided in depth qualitative data. When constructing the questionnaire I used closed questions, where there is clear questions and boxes for answers, to ensure a clear response and detailed analysis, because it produces quantitative information making it easier to group data. I made it relatively short with nine questions, so that participants wont be put off.

  2. How might prejudice develop and how might it be reduced?

    have been subjected to demand characteristics in the survey (soldiers giving the answers to comply with what they think the answer should be, rather than with how they actually feel).

  1. An Investigation to see whether the halo effect is present when rating personality ...

    a lighter punishment and gaining the sympathy of the jurors whereas physical unattractiveness has been found to have the adverse effect on legal decision-making. Sigall and Ostrove (1975) experimented with the length of prison sentence and the facial attractiveness of 'mock' offenders.

  2. This report will investigate the relationship between locus of control and professional life stress ...

    tend to be less stressed. Other research shows that externals are less capable than internals on a variety of tasks. Kahle (1980) suggests that externals favour tests of chance over tests of skill, as they believe any experience or achievement is attributable to luck or chance.

  1. Pro and Anti Social Behaviour

    studied aggression in relation to cross cultural differences. She studied three New Gunea tribes and found that each tribe behaved different in terms of aggressive tendencies. This suggests that the fact that some societies were more aggressive than others supports the role of social learning in aggression. However, the fact that the men were relatively more aggressive in

  2. whether leading questions can affect a person's memory of a question and insert an ...

    It can be distorted via 'conformation bias', which occurs when what is remembered of an event is influenced by the observer's expectations. There are factors which can affect the reliability of eyewitness testimony. Context defines the surroundings in which the event happened is different from the surroundings in which the memory is recalled.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work