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During the last century women's role in society has changed. Previously once a woman was married her job was to raise children, run the family and look after her husband; women rarely did any paid work.

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Introduction

Introduction During the last century women's role in society has changed. Previously once a woman was married her job was to raise children, run the family and look after her husband; women rarely did any paid work. Since then women have become more educated and therefore decide whether they want to work, raise a family or both. The option of having a job and running a family is now easier due to better public and private childcare. There are now more jobs available for women due to the shift in employment. As wages rise more women are encouraged to work and those who have taken a career break to have children are tempted back to work The Law The Sex Discrimination Act says that it is illegally to treat men and women different in employment and The Equal Pay Act entitles women to receive equal pay to man when they are doing the same or mostly similar work. However many women are still paid less then their male counter parts. This may be because traditionally employers see women as less reliable than men because of their role as mothers. Women take maternity leave and mothers may take further time off to care for their children if they are ill. Due to this, women feel they fail to gain promotions and other opportunities in the work place Method Firstly I will try to find statistics that indicate the number of women in different employment in Britain using the internet and other sources such as the library. ...read more.

Middle

Some places of employment have cr�ches on their sites. Working from home is another attractive option for women with children. IT is easier now because of improved communications such as the Internet. Home working means a mother will be in the home and able to care for sick children, more flexible hours can also be worked. Although several women worked full time these women either had older children or could afford substantial or full time child care. It is possible also that she could have been the main earner of the household and so the man would care for the children while she worked. This graph shows the main reason women work is for enjoyment. This indicates that most of the women I interviewed who are working are providing supplementary incomes. These women probably have a partner who work and provide enough money from their salary to support the family however the women want to work. They provide extra money for the family. Independence is also quite an important factor for women who choose to work. The independence provided by a job makes women feel as if they are useful and keeps them in touch with the working world instead of just being a mother. As expected most female employees work in the service sector with only 2 working in the manufacturing sector. Women who have a choice would prefer to work in the services as they are usually better at these sorts of jobs. ...read more.

Conclusion

This shows that they may be working in a different area from the one they originally trained in. It could indicate that the jobs are not as highly skilled and do not make full use of the woman qualifications, despite the fact that several had degrees. However, my results are biased as they represent only a small section of the community. Most of the women I interviewed are married and their husbands are professionals who earn high salaries. These women have the choice of whether to work or not and the majority are choosing to work in some way. A single mother may not have this choice as she will not be able to afford childcare and so will not work. In a family where one parent is earning the minimum wage private childcare will not be an option and so one of the parents will have to care for the children until they start attending a state nursery. I think the main reason for women choosing to work is the fact that they now have the choice. Women can now raise a family and have a career. This is especially easy for women whose partners earn enough to afford childcare. This allows women to work when their children are young. My research shows that a mother who is lucky enough to have the choice will choose to work. However I think the priority of the women I interviewed was to raise a family. ...read more.

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