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Effects Of Media Violence on Aggression

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The effects of Media Violence of Aggression Moneer Gul Introduction My coursework project is a study on how media violence affects a persons aggression levels. I carried out a study into how a person's film preference may reflect on how aggressive they are. Bandura, Ross, and Ross (1963) carried out a study of observational learning in which young children were shown adults interacting with a character called "Bobo Doll". In one film, the adults attacked Bobo, and in another they did not. Children were shown one of the two films. The adults attacked Bobo in a distinctive manner - they used a hammer in some cases, and in others threw the doll in the air and shouted "Pow, Boom". As a result, they could be sure that if the behaviour was repeated, it was learned rather than spontaneous. Later, Bandura (1965) carried out the same experiment, but showed the adult who behaved aggressively either being punished or rewarded. Those children, who had seen the adult rewarded, and those who had seen the adult neither rewarded nor punished, behaved more aggressively than those who had seen the adult punished. It could be that the children who had seen the adult punished simply couldn't remember how the adult had behaved. ...read more.


Closed questionnaire method was used. The participants of the study were all Havering Sixth Form students aged 16-19. To resolve gender generalisation problems, 9 boys and 9 girls were used. I found that a person's aggression level does actually reflect whether they would enjoy a violent film more, perhaps due to a hostile nature. It could therefore be concluded that the average student aged 16-19, if of an aggressive nature; they would prefer to watch a violent/aggressive film. Aims/Hypothesis formulation Eron (1982), Huesman, and Lagerspit measured the amount of television watched as well as levels of aggression in young children. The same individuals were measured again some years later. They found that amount of television watched correlated to the amount of convictions that the individuals had received by the age of 30. This could suggest that television caused aggression. However, it could also suggest that certain income groups with limited opportunities for recreation were also more likely to be involved in crime. There was also evidence which suggested that children who were aggressive tended to watch violent programs later on in life. This suggests that aggressive children will watch violent programs, rather than violent programs make individuals aggressive. ...read more.


for low-aggression, if they answered "B" then they would receive 5 points for high-aggression, finally if they answered "C" then they would get 2 points for mid-aggression. After collection the results I then moved on to the film preference. Films were divided into categories of aggressive and non aggressive. Films were divided into sub-categories of whether they approved - very strongly, strongly, moderately, weakly and very weakly. For example if the selected "Saw" and very strongly approved, they would score a 5 for aggression, scoring system was reversed for the non aggressive films e.g. "Finding Nemo" if they very strongly approved of this they would score 1 for aggression. Researchers in the group were James Bates, Gillian Wright and I. Discussion Results As the graph shows, in most cases as the participant's questionnaire aggression score rises, the film preference tends to rise also in terms of aggression; there are some cases in which the two lines cross. An explanation of this would be that the person's aggression score may not actually affect the types of film. Spearman's Rank Correlation Test The spearman's rank correlation test showed that I could accept my hypothesis and reject the null hypothesis. ?? ?? ?? ?? Moneer Gul The Effects Of Media Violence On Aggression ...read more.

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