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Evacuation - Both sources B and C show a different view on the evacuation of children in 1939.

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Introduction

History - Evacuation Coursework 1. Both sources B and C show a different view on the evacuation of children in 1939. Source B id a picture of unknown origin and purpose showing a long line of evacuees walking to the station waving and smiling. Because this source is of unknown origin and purpose we can doubt its reliability and usefulness as it could have been staged to portray a good image of evacuation. From my own knowledge I know that children were often not too enthusiastic about leaving their families and going off to an unknown place with the average departure scene being tearful and upsetting rather than happy and exciting. Source C however is a written account of a teacher who was evacuated along with her class. The interview was taken 49 years after the actual event which makes exaggeration more likely. The source states that the children were very upset and afraid, without anyone really knowing what was going on. ...read more.

Middle

Children would be separated from their families and whence living with their temporary foster parents they would behave badly and often fight with the other children in their school classes. During the first stages of evacuation the government were claiming that cities were very likely to be bombed but for the first years of evacuation no bombing raids took place so parents often organised to have their children brought back. This period was called the 'Phoney war', however once a large proportion of children had been brought back bombing raids commenc3ed and children were all sent back again. This caused a great deal of confusion and disruption for both children and the cities in general and would be a point against evacuation being a success When evacuation was first implemented children would be led in huge lines to the train station escorted by their teachers. Very few people were actually informed about their destinations and many parents were distraught about leaving their children, resulting in a very sorrowful and tearful scene. ...read more.

Conclusion

Although the experience was bad for both the children and hosts in many cases there were two massive positive sides to the evacuation. The first was the obvious preservation of life, hundreds of children would have been killed during the air raids should evacuation had not taken place but many children would return to a blown up house and no parents. The second point is the social revolution that took place because of the evacuation; many upper-class people who had political influence had no idea of the poor conditions in which the children lived and the evacuation brought about realisation of the terrible conditions. The people were shocked and campaigned for a welfare state that guaranteed the wellbeing of the poor people; this welfare state is still going today and provides security for everyone in Britain. Overall I do think the evacuation was a success despite its many problems, it permanently affected the country in which we loved for the better and saved hundreds of lives as well. ...read more.

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