• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Evacuation, Second World War Coursework.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Evacuation, Second World War Coursework. 2002-12-08 By Rosie Wild, 11K Evacuation is defined in Collins dictionary as being 'a movement from a dangerous area, especially in time of war'. Surely this is a good solution to the enemies' bombing. It was a fast and effective process, 1st September 1939 saw 1.5million people moving to safer areas. As successful as this sounds many began to filter home within weeks. Homesickness drove some, hard labour enforced by the foster parents drove others, but mothers fetched the majority home by Christmas as no bombing had occurred. In my coursework I will combine sources and my background information and research to write an essay on the successes and failures of evacuation. Source A is a photo of a group of young children heading towards a station in London, ready to be evacuated to new homes. They have happy expressions on their faces and some are waving at the camera. This shows a good point of evacuation. We do not know who took the picture, but I can predict that it was taken as a part of the government's propaganda to persuade people into letting go of their children to others who live in safer areas. The government viewed evacuation as a saviour for children in dangerous areas, and would do anything to encourage this movement, such as taking this photo of happy children to promote the idea of it being a positive experience. ...read more.

Middle

This makes it a secondary source, as it has not come directly from the mouths of the children or the foster parent. Written by a lady presumably for the purpose of educating children on evacuation, language and content is dulled slightly to be more appropriate for children. If it had been a book for adults it would have been described differently. The children would not have 'giggled' but would have been offended by the automatic presumption of poverty. They may have even explained that their slippers would not fit in the case. Written for children, no bad points would have been inserted and simple language will have been used. The source may lose reliability due to being edited for children as children are not to be exposed to the negative side of evacuation. This is not a source, which shows the failure or success or evacuation, but if it was to highlight one over the other I would say it shows the successes mostly. I know from other information that one of the main products of evacuation was the sudden realisation from the middle class of the poverty and poor education of children and adults living in the slums. Shown here in the source the woman does presume they are too poor to have slippers, and is embarrassed that she presumed they would own some. Even though the children giggle about it, it is very serious that some children evacuated were too poor to have slippers and some too poor to form the necessary kit of items required. ...read more.

Conclusion

Surely if war comes it would be better for families to stick together and not go breaking up homes?' But you have to think of families densely situated in busy places which are prime targets for bombing and then think if you would rather break up your household for a couple of years, then be re-united, or face death together. Evacuation was purely voluntary so it is said, but increasing propaganda by the government and fear of bombing was enough to make it a heart-wrenching, but compulsory decision. British propaganda encouraged evacuation, but German propaganda did the opposite- showing children being dragged away from their parents screaming... and Hitler leaning over saying 'don't do it'. Despite the fact that foster parents were volunteers, not many did it for the pure interest of the children. They could use the children as housekeepers, labourers or cooks and the foster parent was paid around 10/6p for keeping the child. Sometimes the children were the culprits though, 'if you sat two words to them they turn round and swear at you' from one foster parent. It was rare that both the children and the foster parents lived in harmony. It is hard to deduce whether evacuation as a success or not overall. I can say that there were some failures like the rude children, rude foster parents and children being home again before Christmas, and some successes like the happy foster-households, the efficiency of it, and the lives saved. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Developmental Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Developmental Psychology essays

  1. Child Labour.

    This caused people to become poorer, which lead countries to poverty in some parts of the world. Colonialism also forced poor countries to be dependent on rich countries. Poor countries such as developing countries borrowed money from developed country causing the developing countries to owe more money, while the country is not able to pay back the debt.

  2. I have decided to do my portfolio on Beaufort Park School, for several reasons. ...

    * PE Children are assessed at the beginning of the summer term in year 2. These assessments are known as SATs. They consist of written tests, and teacher assessments. The children are then given a level in the three core subjects, and most pupils are expected to gain a level 2.

  1. 'Are Mothers Necessary?'

    It attempts to reveal a year's emotional history between the caregiver and child. How babies respond in the strange situation could be due to other factors, such as temperament. Psychologist Kegan did a study of babies from birth to eight years old.

  2. Free essay

    business coursework discussion

    In comparison to my story we both found similar results as participants did change the wording of the story, but my findings are more numerical which therefore enabled me to compare my data to get a more detailed results. Also the conditions between each piece of research were different, as the length of time before recall varied.

  1. The Home Front: Evacuation

    The Government could not enforce evacuation, as it would be fruitless; costing more than it would be worth. There would be plenty of angry parents not letting police in, and it seems a bit quasi-futuristic to have the Government forcing children into the backs of big vans whilst their screaming

  2. The idea for my coursework is the potential changing aspirations of teenage girls in ...

    * 100% of teenage girls I interviewed didn't think it was important to be married when having children and 0% felt pressured to get married, I could therefore not conclude who they may have felt pressured by making the question 'if yes, by who' irrelevant.

  1. In response to growing tension and technological advances in war, the British government set ...

    not recognized, and thus, teachers did not give pupils suffering from them the attention they needed, and the children were left behind in their studies.v(Titmuss,382) In the towns, those parents who had decided not to evacuate their children, due to money issuesvi or feeling that there was no civilian bombing to comevii, were left with no schooling for their children.(Titmuss,157)

  2. History - Evacuation

    As well as children, pregnant women, teachers and the disabled were also evacuated. The first plans for evacuation were made in 1934, to coincide with the amount of bomb production that was going on. These evacuees would go to the county to be "temporally adopted" by volunteers living there.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work