• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

"Evacuation was a great success." Do you agree or disagree with this interpretation?

Extracts from this document...


"Evacuation was a great success." Do you agree or disagree with this interpretation? Evacuation was a success in many ways but was also unsuccessful in others. Evacuation took place because of heavy bombing in large civilian places, the aim being to keep children safe from the dangers of the war. It was successful in that respect, as many children were sent to a safer enviroment in more rural areas where they were not as likely to be in as much danger as they would if they had stayed home. In September 1939, 1.5 million children were evacuated. However, by 1940 half of this number had been brought back home. This shows that the evacuation process also had its down-sides. The propoganda value of the evacuation was quite often more of a success than the realities of evacuation itself. Source A tells us of how there were social differences between host families and evacuees. The evacuees came from poorer working-class familes so did not have as good manners as the country people and were seen as uncivilised. Many of the country people were shocked by the behaviour of the children, such as "fouling gardens, hair crawling with lice and bed wetting". The source wasn't written until 1988, and we cannot be sure of whether the author's source of information was a reliable one. ...read more.


The source isn't very reliable as it is written from a novel so it's fictional. However, some of the details of the novel match with what I already know. Like the fact that evacuees had very little room in their suitcases and that siblings were normally kept together whenever possible. This tells me that the author had a good source of information and may be writing true to the actual events of evacuation. Many parents chose to keep their children at home instead of evacuate them. In 1939, 50% of parents kept their kids at home, this tells us that many felt that evacuation was not a good idea and it was preferable to have their children with them even if it meant them being in more danger than if they were evacuated. Source J is an interview with a father who will not let his child be evacuated. He felt that the people in The Shire would not be able to look after his hobbit properly and that they have nothing to provide him with. Some parents had a negative views on evacutaion and on the country people, as before the town and country people were not as united. This source is a reliable piece of information as it gives us information as to why some parents felt they should not be allowing their children to be evacuated. ...read more.


It only shows us a small number of evacuees and while this may have been the case for them, it may have been a different experience for the majority of evacuees. Source H is an appeal for more people in Scotland to provide homes for evacuees. It gives many good reasons for becoming a foster parent. We cannot completely trust both sources though as they were issued by the government and government propoganda tried to present evacuation as a positive experience. The pro da value of the evacuation was quite often more of a success than the realities of evacuation itself. There were many good points to evacution though as well as bad points. Many of the children went to loving, caring host families and had had fun experiences of evacuation. They were exposed to better manners, better diets and healthier enviroments than they had known before. Also, the country became more unified on a social level. People from different classes mixes and had a better understanding of each other. There was propoganda value, showing the country "pulling together". Also it led to long-term improvements for health and welfare. For example, the NHS was formed as a result of inadequacies in health and education being revealed through evacuation. So although there were down-sides to the process and many children had unpleasant experiences of evacuation, it was successful in many ways and most importantly in its main aim of keeping children safe, as it saved the lives of many. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Developmental Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Developmental Psychology essays

  1. The Home Front: Evacuation

    if they couldn't go with them to the country; then their children couldn't go at all. For the people who agreed to take an evacuee in, there was a little support financially from the Government, and not much else. From the stereotypes mentioned you might be forgiven for picturing the

  2. Evacuation was a great success." Do you Agree or disagree with this interpretation?

    Finally Source E is from an extract from a mass observation survey in May 1940 a primary source. The message given is parent's didn't want to send their children and were worried about letting them go thinking about issues like starvation.

  1. History - Evacuation

    where there had been heavy bombardment from the air, and knew of the new Zeppelins that were available as bomber planes now. With all the assumptions that the Government made, such as the fact that Germany would strike as soon as the war started and that there would be lots of civilian deaths, plans were quickly made.

  2. "Evacuation was a great success" Do you agree with this interpretation? Explain your answer ...

    Source C, D, E and F, on the other hand, show both successes and failures. C is an extract of a children's book printed after the war making it a secondary source, which are sometimes questionable. We are not sure when the author was born, or if she had any

  1. "Evacuation was a great success" Do you agree or disagree with this statement? Explain ...

    The source is quite reliable as it is primary evidence from 1939 and is therefore likely to be more accurate. You can make deductions from the picture that the children are excited and happy and that would indicate success. There are also sources that back up source B for example

  2. "Evacuation was a great success" Do you agree or disagree with this interpretation?

    This shows that evacuation was not a success. This sounded like a very upsetting experience for both the children and the parents. This is shown in source B was it says " the mothers pressed against the iron gates calling" "good bye darling". You can tell by this sentence that it was emotionally upsetting for the mother which would upset the children.

  1. "Evacuation was a Great Success." Do you agree or disagree with this interpretation?

    The next reason is that it is obvious that evacuation saved the lives of thousands of evacuees. The Government knew that evacuation was a good idea because of this, but the parents of the children didn't think the children were safe by sending them somewhere they didn't know about.

  2. Uation of the interpretation "Evacuation was a great success".

    Now this has to be looked at carefully, as it was written a while after in 1988. Now memories could be different. She explains, "All you could hear was the feet of the children and a kind of murmur". This shows that the children aren't the smiling people as shown in the papers.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work