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"Evacuation was a great success." Do you agree or disagree with this statement?

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Introduction

"Evacuation was a great success." Do you agree or disagree with this statement? The government's aim of evacuation was to move children, teachers, blind and disabled people and pregnant women out of the major cities at risk from bombing, to reception areas, mostly in the countryside, so they would be safe, away from the bombing. On the 1st September 1939 the first evacuation began. 827,000 school children and 524,000 mothers and pre-school children moved in the following three days. 13,000 pregnant women, 7000 blind and disabled people and 103,000 teachers were also evacuated. During the phoney war many evacuees returned home as there had been no bombing in Britain. According to the official figures, by the 8th January 1940 almost 900,000 of the evacuated adults and children had gone home: though when the threat of invasion emerged in May 1940, the whole process began again. A couple of hundred thousand evacuees were moved back to the reception areas. This second evacuation was much better conducted and more happily resolved on all counts. Evacuation was a great success for the government because at the time they managed to persuade people that evacuation was the right thing to do. ...read more.

Middle

This boosted the parents morale. The government reassured mothers by telling them that the foster parents would treat their children in the same way they would treat evacuated children. Source B from the question sheet may boost the parents morale as it shows children being evacuated, walking to London station. The children look excited and relaxed. The teachers are looking after them, walking by their side, keeping them in an orderly line. This would show the parents that their children were being well looked after. Though it is a limited view of the situation, it only shows one place at one time. Not all evacuees may have been so calm and well conducted, as the source is a photograph and it doesn't show the thousands of other evacuees being evacuated. This source also shows a negative aspect of evacuation for the parents. It shows that the parents could not accompany the children to the station. No relations were allowed onto the platform. Relatives would press against barriers. They had to show extraordinary courage when their children left in trains. They didn't want their children to know they were upset, unsure and anxious about how their children would be treated. ...read more.

Conclusion

Country people were shocked to see the suffering from a lack of nutrition, clothing and cleanliness, so the government successfully distributed food more equally, which brought an end to the malnutrition of so many. Evacuation was a success because it caused the government to change Britain into a welfare state. National healthcare was set up after the war. They tried to help people of a lower class. In some ways the people of Britain benefited from evacuation, facing a common danger, people of different classes and backgrounds learned to talk to each other and work together. However evacuation wasn't a success for many people living in the country. Thousands of evacuees caused an invasion of the country. Some people were made homeless in the country because they would rather move out of their homes than take in evacuees. It was a partial failure for the government because the government propaganda caused near panic rather than controlled movement. They also pressured many people living in reception areas into taking in evacuees, even if they didn't want to. This resulted in many foster parents mistreating their evacuees. The government also failed to persuade parents to keep evacuees in the reception areas during the phoney war. Although they did achieve some of their aims. 1.5 million people were moved and saved from bombing. Assignment: Model A2: Britain in the Second World War Daniel Ogden ...read more.

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