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Evaluate the evidence of the use of hypnosis in memory recall with particular reference to victim and witness memory.

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Introduction

Evaluate the evidence of the use of hypnosis in memory recall with particular reference to victim and witness memory Today in psychology there are many theories that are used to try and help memory recall. The one we will be looking at today is the use of hypnosis in memory recall. In particular we will look at the memory of victim and witnesses of a certain scene. Before we start to evaluate the use of hypnosis it would be good to actually learn what it means to be hypnotised. It originally comes from a Greek word, and so we can understand it we need to split the word up. HPNO -SIS. The first section of the word (Hypno) ...read more.

Middle

This enhancement of memory using hypnosis is known as hypermnesia. There have been doubts about the recall of memories recalled in this way. It is said that whilst people are under hypnosis the relaxation they feel can help them in memory recall. We will now look at some studies with the use of hypnosis in memory recall to see the results and find out just how effective hypnosis is. Putnam (1979) showed participants a video of an accident involving a car and a bike. Half of the participants were hypnotised. He asked misleading questions and found that the hypnotised participants made more errors especially with respect to misleading questions. Here overall there was increases recall but due to confabulation more errors were made. ...read more.

Conclusion

Just by looking at these two studies a lot can be said of the use of hypnotism in memory recall. First of all the fact that there are not many studies on hypnotism and its effectiveness can only show that it is a rather weak tool. Also what does it mean for someone to be hypnotized? No one really knows. Are people in a trance or are they asleep. It is physiologically impossible to tell. When hypnosis does work it could be because of a relaxed setting victims and witnesses are in that helps. Hypnosis can also be analysed in terms of ethics. The fact that they are making through the trauma they may have gone through may force to say something incorrect to avoid having to deal with what has happened. There is not sufficient evidence in the use of hypnosis so would say leave it behind. Anthony Georgiou ...read more.

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