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Experiment to see if children choice stereotyped toys.

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Introduction

Experiment to see if children choice stereotyped toys Abstract The aim of this experiment was to see whether children choose Gender Appropriate Toys. This was done by choosing a group of pre-school children, and asking them to choose one toy from a choice of two. It was predicted that the experiment would produce results similar to those obtained from experiments. Therefore children would choose toys suitable to their gender. The results obtained prove this to be correct. The children did choose toys in favour of their gender. This can be clearly seen from the nominal data using the Chi square test that was performed at the 0.01 significance level. P< 0.1 N =59 1 tailed OV= 20.58 CV= 541 Therefore H1 is retained And H0 is rejected This shows that it was a very significant result and therefore it can be conclude that the experimental hypothesis was retained and the null hypothesis was rejected. Gender stereotype and Gender differences Over the years it has been found that there are differences between boys and girls in their behaviour. Whether this is nature or nurture is debatable. ...read more.

Middle

The children were then told that they would come over to the experimenter and would be asked to choose a toy that they would like to play with. In group two, the children were sitting down inside the nursery and were told that they would have to go to the experimenter and choose a toy that they would like to play with and then return to their seats where they would continue to listen to a story. When the children came up to the experimenter, they were asked to choose a toy that they liked best to play with. The child had a choice of choosing a doll and a car. After the child chose their favourite toy, the experimenter marked their choice down on a tally chart and asked the child to return to their place. When all the children had taken their toy the experimenter packed away, and then thanked the children and the nursery groups for their help in taking part in this experiment. All children would have been unaware of the purpose of the experiment. The experiments were conducted on different days at different times of the day. ...read more.

Conclusion

Both 'SLT and Gender schematic theory' say that children learn the appropriate behaviour by observation. It would therefore be interesting, to see if children with siblings of the opposite sex were more likely to choose the gender specific toy relating to their sibling. In investigating this experiment, my findings were that most people do not realise that we live in a society that is stereotyped. People are unaware of this happening and therefore it would be hard for us to accept this, or change it. These gender stereotypes have been ingrained within our society for years and even if you try to change some aspects. It is likely that the stereotypical behaviour will continue as learning is coming from our society and culture as well as direct parenting. Conclusion The findings of this experiment reflect those of previous experiments. Boys and girls aged three to five years chose a gender specific toy when given a choice. The results were statistically significant at the 0.01 level of confidence, meaning that there was only a 1% probability of their choices being made by chance. These findings can be explained in terms of 'Observational Learning' through parenting and the society and culture, in which the children are raised. It would be interesting to do further research to investigate cross-cultural influences on gender stereotyping. Jackie Carvell ...read more.

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