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Explanations of Independent Behaviour

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Introduction

Transfer-Encoding: chunked Independent Behaviour There are many explanations on independent behaviour. Individual differences are personal factors that mean people will respond to situations in different ways. One explanation of independent behaviour is locus of control. Locus of control was developed by Julian Rotter; this concept suggests that some people feel they are entirely in control of their actions, whereas others are victims of fate. There is the internal locus of control; these people believe that what happens to them is consequence of their own behaviour, and they can succeed in difficult or stressful situations. ...read more.

Middle

However, Williams and Warchal studied university students using tasks based on Asch?s experiments; they found that assertion may be more important that locus on control. Furthermore, Rotter?s Locus of control is only a scale where people self-reported a list events. Therefore, there Is a high risk that there is demand characteristics which means the findings are unreliable and therefore cannot be generalised. Another explanation is personality characteristics. Oliner and Oliner set out to investigate the personality characteristics of those individuals who have been found to be disobedient to authority. ...read more.

Conclusion

Milgram et al did a follow up study. In agreement with Oliner and Oliner they found that disobedient participants scored higher on the social responsibility scale and demonstrated internal locus of control. This is supporting study and from this it was concluded that social responsibility and locus of control where important factors. However, the study was only done with non-Jewish people in the time of the Holocaust. Therefore it can be hard to generalise the findings because other cultures may act differently at these types of events. Lastly, the use of the interview technique to gain information may not be effective. This is because the participant may have social desirability and therefore results will be invalid and will be hard to generalise. ...read more.

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