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Frueds Work

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Freud Objectives: * Identify the main principles of the psychodynamic approach * Discuss Freud's theory of the personality * Identify the different psychodynamic treatments Conscious Preconscious Unconscious The Topographic Model The model consists of the conscious, the preconscious and the unconscious, this is the division of human personality into 3 parts conceptualised by Freud. The conscious contains thoughts you are currently aware of. When you say something is 'on your mind' you probably mean the conscious part of your mind. However, the conscious can only deal with a tiny percentage of all the bits of information stored on your mind. Your preconscious consists of stored thoughts that are no longer 'on your mind' it is your memory. You can bring information from your preconscious into your conscious easily if you wanted or needed to, by recalling information. The conscious and preconscious are only small parts of our minds and therefore small parts of our personalities The vast majority of thoughts driving our personality and the most important from a psychodynamic view point are fond in the unconscious. ...read more.


In other words the id is concerned only with what brings immediate satisfaction, regardless of any physical or social limitations. (When babies see something they want, they reach for it regardless of whether it belongs to someone else or that it maybe harmful to them.) The id doesn't disappear when we become adults. Rather, it is held in place by our ego and superego. The id buried in our unconscious therefore our id impulses remain out of our awareness. The ego gradually develops during the first 2 years of life. The actions of the ego are based on the reality principle. The ego serves to satisfy the id, but in a manner that takes into consideration the realities of the situation. Because id impulses are socially unacceptable and therefore threatening to us, the ego's job is to keep the id impulses in our unconscious. Unlike the id, your ego moves freely among the preconscious, conscious and unconscious parts of your mind. ...read more.


How does free association work? Clients are asked to say exactly what they are thinking as quickly as possible without thinking about it. This is so clients can temporarily bypass the ego as it is the ego's job to block out id impulses (in line with the reality principle). This way, psychotherapists can tap into your id impulses and find out what is really driving your behaviour. Problems with Free Association and Dream Analysis How do we know the id, ego and superego and our conscious, unconscious and preconscious exist? They cannot be tested because they are subjective. Therefore, Freud's theories are not scientific. People might not take this method of therapy seriously. People can lie about what they are thinking or what they have dreamed about because they don't want the psychotherapists to know what is going on in their mind. Advantages of Free Association and Dream Analysis You can relate to it. Experience feelings of the id, ego and superego for example 'one half of me wants to do one thing and the other half wants to do something else' ...read more.

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