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Generalised anxiety disorder (GAD).

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Introduction

Generalised anxiety disorder (GAD) What is Generalised Anxiety Disorder? Generalised Anxiety Disorder, GAD, was classified as a diagnosable mental disorder in 1994, when it was published as mental disorder: DSM IV. GAD is very hard to define. It is characterised by a constant state of long term, excessive worry about everyday situations. The characteristic worrying effects quality of life, although situations that produce anxiety are not necessarily avoided as with phobias. GAD is often associated with phobias, obsessive compulsive disorders and panic disorders, with the exception that the above three have a discernible trigger factor. I.e. something to have a phobia of, or something you panic at, whereas, in G.A.D., the reason for the anxiety is not usually identifiable; (many things we are anxious of) for this reason, G.A.D. is sometimes called free floating anxiety. ...read more.

Middle

(sleeplessness) How is General Anxiety Disorder Treated? There are three main methods of treatment for GAD to include: 1. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy - where our personal thoughts are analysed. In this form of therapy patients are encouraged to evaluate his or her own lives and the world they live in. They are also encouraged to face up to their own problems and difficulties. This form of therapy deals with changing the way that we think, thus helping anxious feelings. 2. Medicinal Therapy - Anti-depressants have limited therapeutic effects but medicines such as Valium and Buspirone. 3. Counselling and group relaxation therapy Explaining Anxiety In view of the Psychodynamic approach One possible cause of anxiety that is difficult for a non-specialist to observe is psychological conflict arising from emotions and impulses that remain unconscious (outside of the person's awareness). ...read more.

Conclusion

Because this defensive behaviour relieves the anxiety, it tends to be repeated: It is, in other words, learned. Modern psychodynamic research (that which focuses on mental conflicts) has put a great deal of emphasis on the anxiety that accompanies real or feared separation from a caretaker during childhood. Individuals who, as children, became extremely anxious whenever they were separated from their parents seem to be especially likely to develop agoraphobia later in life. Some 42 percent of agoraphobic patients report a history of childhood separation anxiety. This statistic suggests that agoraphobia may build on a foundation already present in early life or represent the aftermath of unresolved childhood separation anxiety. In contemporary psychodynamic models, the person with agoraphobia avoids situations that symbolise or threaten separation from a loved one. This view explains why a death or other kind of loss may trigger agoraphobia. It also may explain why some agoraphobic people can venture out when accompanied by a spouse, child, or friend. ...read more.

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