• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Generalised anxiety disorder (GAD).

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Generalised anxiety disorder (GAD) What is Generalised Anxiety Disorder? Generalised Anxiety Disorder, GAD, was classified as a diagnosable mental disorder in 1994, when it was published as mental disorder: DSM IV. GAD is very hard to define. It is characterised by a constant state of long term, excessive worry about everyday situations. The characteristic worrying effects quality of life, although situations that produce anxiety are not necessarily avoided as with phobias. GAD is often associated with phobias, obsessive compulsive disorders and panic disorders, with the exception that the above three have a discernible trigger factor. I.e. something to have a phobia of, or something you panic at, whereas, in G.A.D., the reason for the anxiety is not usually identifiable; (many things we are anxious of) for this reason, G.A.D. is sometimes called free floating anxiety. ...read more.

Middle

(sleeplessness) How is General Anxiety Disorder Treated? There are three main methods of treatment for GAD to include: 1. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy - where our personal thoughts are analysed. In this form of therapy patients are encouraged to evaluate his or her own lives and the world they live in. They are also encouraged to face up to their own problems and difficulties. This form of therapy deals with changing the way that we think, thus helping anxious feelings. 2. Medicinal Therapy - Anti-depressants have limited therapeutic effects but medicines such as Valium and Buspirone. 3. Counselling and group relaxation therapy Explaining Anxiety In view of the Psychodynamic approach One possible cause of anxiety that is difficult for a non-specialist to observe is psychological conflict arising from emotions and impulses that remain unconscious (outside of the person's awareness). ...read more.

Conclusion

Because this defensive behaviour relieves the anxiety, it tends to be repeated: It is, in other words, learned. Modern psychodynamic research (that which focuses on mental conflicts) has put a great deal of emphasis on the anxiety that accompanies real or feared separation from a caretaker during childhood. Individuals who, as children, became extremely anxious whenever they were separated from their parents seem to be especially likely to develop agoraphobia later in life. Some 42 percent of agoraphobic patients report a history of childhood separation anxiety. This statistic suggests that agoraphobia may build on a foundation already present in early life or represent the aftermath of unresolved childhood separation anxiety. In contemporary psychodynamic models, the person with agoraphobia avoids situations that symbolise or threaten separation from a loved one. This view explains why a death or other kind of loss may trigger agoraphobia. It also may explain why some agoraphobic people can venture out when accompanied by a spouse, child, or friend. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Physiological Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Physiological Psychology essays

  1. Arousal and Anxiety

    This would mean that the task would become simpler. Simple tasks have a broader optimal arousal zone than complex tasks i.e. the player can tolerate greater arousal levels before successful turns into unsuccessful performances. Complex tasks have lees optimal levels of the movements require more precision.

  2. Anxiety Disorders

    It has been suggested that if you have OCD, your brain has difficulty turning off or ignoring impulses from this circuit. This, in turn, causes repetitive behaviors called compulsions and uncontrollable thoughts called obsessions. For instance, your brain may have trouble turning off thoughts of contamination after leaving the restroom, leading you to wash your hands again and again.

  1. Effects after rape.

    A study of adolescents in Brazil found prior sexual abuse to be a leading factor predicting several health risk behaviours, including suicidal thoughts and attempts. Rape and other forms of sexual assault on a child can result in both short-term and long-term harm, including psychopathology in later life.

  2. Sleep disorder - 'Insomnia'.

    Insomnia or inability to sleep is not a disease that happened by itself, but it is an occasional problem for people over the world. Everyone would have experienced an occasional sleepless night, but for most people, this is not problematic.

  1. Does a Music Therapy Intervention Reduce Anxiety in Patients either before or after invasive ...

    The abstract of the journals were read to see if the papers would be suitable and three were kept for the purpose of the assignment. The title of the first paper is "Effects of a Single Music Therapy Intervention on Anxiety, Discomfort, Satisfaction and Compliance with Screening Guidelines in Outpatients Undergoing Flexible Sigmoidoscopy (FS).

  2. Stress in the Workplace : Why Is it Important to Deal with It?

    O R T A N T T O D E A L W I T H I T WHY ARE YOU HERE - WHY DOES THE COMPANY WANT ALL EMPLOYEES TO DO THIS STRESS MANAGEMENT PROGRAM ? Because stress is affecting lots of Australian workers.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work