• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Generalised anxiety disorder (GAD).

Extracts from this document...


Generalised anxiety disorder (GAD) What is Generalised Anxiety Disorder? Generalised Anxiety Disorder, GAD, was classified as a diagnosable mental disorder in 1994, when it was published as mental disorder: DSM IV. GAD is very hard to define. It is characterised by a constant state of long term, excessive worry about everyday situations. The characteristic worrying effects quality of life, although situations that produce anxiety are not necessarily avoided as with phobias. GAD is often associated with phobias, obsessive compulsive disorders and panic disorders, with the exception that the above three have a discernible trigger factor. I.e. something to have a phobia of, or something you panic at, whereas, in G.A.D., the reason for the anxiety is not usually identifiable; (many things we are anxious of) for this reason, G.A.D. is sometimes called free floating anxiety. ...read more.


(sleeplessness) How is General Anxiety Disorder Treated? There are three main methods of treatment for GAD to include: 1. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy - where our personal thoughts are analysed. In this form of therapy patients are encouraged to evaluate his or her own lives and the world they live in. They are also encouraged to face up to their own problems and difficulties. This form of therapy deals with changing the way that we think, thus helping anxious feelings. 2. Medicinal Therapy - Anti-depressants have limited therapeutic effects but medicines such as Valium and Buspirone. 3. Counselling and group relaxation therapy Explaining Anxiety In view of the Psychodynamic approach One possible cause of anxiety that is difficult for a non-specialist to observe is psychological conflict arising from emotions and impulses that remain unconscious (outside of the person's awareness). ...read more.


Because this defensive behaviour relieves the anxiety, it tends to be repeated: It is, in other words, learned. Modern psychodynamic research (that which focuses on mental conflicts) has put a great deal of emphasis on the anxiety that accompanies real or feared separation from a caretaker during childhood. Individuals who, as children, became extremely anxious whenever they were separated from their parents seem to be especially likely to develop agoraphobia later in life. Some 42 percent of agoraphobic patients report a history of childhood separation anxiety. This statistic suggests that agoraphobia may build on a foundation already present in early life or represent the aftermath of unresolved childhood separation anxiety. In contemporary psychodynamic models, the person with agoraphobia avoids situations that symbolise or threaten separation from a loved one. This view explains why a death or other kind of loss may trigger agoraphobia. It also may explain why some agoraphobic people can venture out when accompanied by a spouse, child, or friend. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Physiological Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Physiological Psychology essays

  1. Arousal and Anxiety

    State anxiety- is an emotional response to particular situations; the signs of state anxiety would be nervousness and apprehension. State anxiety can often be temporary, which exists in relation to particular situations. E.g. if a player becomes nervous playing table tennis on their own, but are relaxed in a team game i.e.

  2. Stress in the Workplace : Why Is it Important to Deal with It?

    Yet, this same preparedness works against it if we let it go unchecked and we react without conscious thought to the challenges of everyday living. (O/H 5) : SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF STRESS POSITIVE ASPECTS OF SHORT-TERM STRESS . INCREASED MOTIVATION & DRIVE .

  1. Anxiety Disorders

    for OCD Exposure and response prevention involves repeated exposure to the source of your obsession. Then you are asked to refrain from the compulsive behavior you'd usually perform to reduce your anxiety. For example, if you are a compulsive hand washer, you might be asked to touch the door handle

  2. Sleep disorder - 'Insomnia'.

    Insomnia or inability to sleep is not a disease that happened by itself, but it is an occasional problem for people over the world. Everyone would have experienced an occasional sleepless night, but for most people, this is not problematic.

  1. Does a Music Therapy Intervention Reduce Anxiety in Patients either before or after invasive ...

    For this reason the question arose: Does a music therapy intervention reduce anxiety in patients either before or after invasive procedures taking place? Three papers were found by the use of a comprehensive literature search, Ovid online database was used, within Ovid database Cinahl was accessed which covers a wide range of nursing, midwifery and medical journals.

  2. Effects after rape.

    A study of adolescents in Brazil found prior sexual abuse to be a leading factor predicting several health risk behaviours, including suicidal thoughts and attempts. Rape and other forms of sexual assault on a child can result in both short-term and long-term harm, including psychopathology in later life.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work