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Group dynamics

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Introduction

Group Dynamics All sports require individuals to work together in order to achieve success. Partnerships within a group may differ depending on the sport, number of people involved etc. bringing together a group of individuals and moulding them is key however sometimes the moulding process can take longer than expected. Having a talented group of individuals will not always guarantee success this is shown in many sports, for example the England football team. Group vs. Crowd Group * McGrath said that groups are social aggregates that involve mutual awareness and interaction. * Carron (1982) suggested that groups show certain unique characteristics, for example they all share a collective identity and have a shared goal. Crowd * A crowd is a group of people sometimes known as a mob. A crowd may have a common purpose such as going to sports games, looting or just going about everyday business. Team cohesion Cohesion is basically the sustainability of a group to stay together when aiming to achieve their goals. ...read more.

Middle

* Emergent leader- this is someone who displays strong leadership characteristics in everything they do. This kind of person is a born leader. This may also have a positive affect on performance as it can sometimes give younger players the chance to captain the side even though they have little experience they can still be influential to those around them. Theories of leadership * Trait approach- a trait is something we are born with. Certain characteristics have certain traits and these characteristics may make one player better suited to captaincy than another. Traits or personalities will affect performance and players in positive and negative ways. It can affect performance positively because if a person has a strong, slightly aggressive and determined personality then they can give the team an extra drive to win the game. However someone of this personality can get over aggressive if the team is losing therefore lowering other players morale and maybe causing arguments. * Behavioural approach- this suggests that leaders display certain behaviours. ...read more.

Conclusion

It may involve confrontation between the leader and the player until different roles are established. This is more likely to have a positive affect on performance as players will be battling for positions therefore there will be a harder work rate from the team. On the other hand players may feel threatened and pressured by new players so they may be nervous in their performance incase they lose their position. * Norming- once the structure has been established the group gains stability and becomes cohesive. Players start co-operating and work towards their common goal. This is extremely positive on the team's performance because they are becoming more cohesive meaning that they will work better together and the team can become more successful. * Performing- this is the final stage and involves all the players working together towards their common goal. Each individual accepts their role and supports other group members accordingly. Again this is very positive for the teams performance because by this stage the team will be both task cohesive and socially cohesive. It will bring great success to the team as players will be both mentally and physically prepared with each other. ...read more.

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